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Transactional Analysis

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meagan forget

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of Transactional Analysis

Transactional Analysis By: Meagan Forget, Rebecca Everitt, Alida Coles, Lisa Bell, Jennifer Godin and Krista Buchanan Why did we choose this topic? 1) Our belief is that there is a rational approach to understanding why individuals may develop certain behaviours. 2) Everyone is born okay, however we believe that some people may not live that way due to the negative strokes they have received throughout their lives and how it has affected their different ego states. 3) Although we agree with the idea of the “Winners” & “Losers” concept whereby the positive and negative attributes are linked to what has happened to the client in childhood, we dislike the bold labelling terms to describe an individual as having “loser” characteristics. 4) We like being able to reveal the ego state in which the client is coming from to provide them with a better recognition and an understanding of how they can take initiative to alter their negative behaviours that form the “false sense of self”. 5) Grants the client with the awareness of which kinds of strokes they have received which caused a detrimental impact on their authentic self. 6) Transactional Analysis therapy can be very effective for the client because it was developed so that the client “owns it”. Transactions Defined:

Transaction- fundamental unit of social intercourse

Stroke- fundamental unit of social action

Transactional analysis- method for studying interactions between individuals Influences on Eric Berne

Sigmund Freud
-Human personality multi-faceted
-Id, ego, superego concepts, not realities according to Berne

Dr. Wilder Penfield
-Human brain like a camcorder
-Event and feeling both recorded during events
-Individual can experience same emotion from previous events when thinking about them
-Individuals can exist in 2 states simultaneously Ego States Transactional Analysis Descriptive Model Life Positions Time Structuring -Withdrawal
-Intimacy Games First Degree Second Degree Third Degree
- to structure time to acquire strokes
- to maintain the substitute feeling and the system of thinking, beliefs and actions that go with it
- to confirm parental injunctions and further the life script
- to maintain the person's life position by "proving" that self/others are not OK
- to provide a high level of stroke exchange while blocking intimacy and maintaining distance
- to make people predictable. GAMES CONTINUED 1. Cross the transaction by responding from a different ego state than the one the stimulus is designed to hook.

2. Pick up the ulterior rather than the social message

3. The opening message to the game always entails a discount. There are further discounts at each stage of the game. By detecting discounts we can identify game invitations and defuse them with options.

4. Replace the game strokes. How do you stop these games? Games People Play

Kick Me
Now I've Got You, You SOB
Frigid Woman
It A’int Awful
The Stocking Game 1. The Ego States 2. Stroking 3. Injunctions 4. Decisions and redecisions 5. Exploring Your Rackets 6. Games We Play 7. Life Positions 8. Contracts 9. A book for You 10. You and your Parent Techniques One short coming of the Transactional Analysis Therapy is that it reflects more on the client’s past rather than placing its focus on the “here and now”. This kind of therapy can be time consuming to address the issues at hand and unlike other therapies it may prolong the achievement of resolution. Also, whereby Transactional Analysis places the ownership on the client, temporary setbacks may develop for the client, if the goals of the client are unable to be acquired within a timely process. Transactional Analysis therapy reflects on past experiences, which in turn may create the client to revisit other issues aside from the one’s they initially sought out to resolve & in turn may proceed to uncovering more issues for the client. One Short Coming of Transactional Analysis
We first decided to do confronting the con but with our case management the best way to get the client the best out of the session was contract for change. We chose this because the person wasn’t playing games with the counsellor but instead wanted to change a habit. Through the process we had to come up with a technique that would best fit the scenario with our client. It was difficult figuring out what technique we wanted to use so it took a bit of time. We ended up with contract for change because the client wanted to quit smoking and having the counsellor witness her progress was the best way of helping her. Our Thoughts on Transactional Analysis.... Technique: We have chosen to do contract for change. This is a technique where the client makes a measurable goal and the counsellor witnesses the process.

Personal biases: We feel that contract for change is the best technique in Transactional Analysis. It lets the client choose what they want to change instead of the counsellor telling them what they need to change. Another thing about transactional analysis that makes it the best is that it allows the client and counsellor a chance to work together as a team.

Objectiveness: to help the client reach their goals and change their thinking process throughout. Skills Needed to Prepare us for the Process What technique do you think we used for the role play? Thank You, The End Thank you, The End
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