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Grade 9 - Niagara Escarpment

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Renata Wasley

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Grade 9 - Niagara Escarpment

Environmental degradation describes the

of the
environment through the depletion of resources, the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of plant and animal species .
is caused by
Western Nations
63 km.
how do we take limestone out of the earth?
UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
Already 44 holes in the Escarpment
(sand pits, gravel pits & quarries)
So, The Highland Companies - an American Hedge Fund bought more land in the Escarpment to build Canada's largest quarry.
biosphere reserve
designation gives an area international recognition for the important
values in an area.
(United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)
1990 Niagara Escarpment Designated as a Biosphere Reserve
725 km. limestone cliff!
Several rivers rise/meet in the Escarpment which supports Ontario's drinking water.
Home to 300 bird species, 53 mammals, 36 reptiles and amphibians, 90 fish and lots of flora!
Encompasses a rich mosaic of farms, wetlands, waterfalls, cliffs, streams, mineral resources, historic villages, wildlife habitats, and cities.
Includes Canada's best agricultural land.
Includes Ontario's best hiking, biking, canoeing, fishing, boating including the Bruce Trail!
Recreational activities in the Escarpment contribute more than $100 million to Ontario's economy.
UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
Niagara's recognition as a Biosphere Reserve is in the company of other Reserves such as The Galapagos Islands, Africa's Serengeti Desert, and the Florida Everglades!
So...how does this affect ME?
In Ontario? In Brampton?
We mobilized a lot of people. We had people come to the country and experience the land. This farmland grows food for the city. … For me it was a nice strategy.

We are surrounded by prime land.
The Golden Horseshoe &
The Niagara Escarpment
Greater Golden Horseshoe Population (in millions)
In 2006 - 8.4 million people
In 2031 - 11.5 million & 5.5 million jobs are forecasted.
So whats the big deal?
And 63 km from Brampton....
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