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Understanding Contraception

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by

Mark Penny

on 25 September 2018

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Transcript of Understanding Contraception

What is memory and what is recall?
We take in information largely through these three learning processes
Focus booster

Improve your focus by listening, making notes, asking questions and teaching others.
UNDERSTANDING CONTRACEPTION
Teen pregnancy rate continues to fall.
There were about 21 conceptions per 1,000 15 to 17-year-old girls in 2015, compared to a high of 55 in 1971.
However the UK continues to have the highest teenage birth rates in Western Europe.
Education programmes and easier access to contraception are seen as crucial to lower rates further.
Contraception - some choices
Contraception - more details
Condoms are made of very thin latex (rubber) and are designed to cover the penis in order to stop the sperm in semen coming into contact with the vagina.

When condoms are used correctly they are 98% effective at protecting against pregnancy.

As they stop sexual fluids being transferred between partners they protect against both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Internal/female condoms (‘femi-doms’) are like other condoms except they fit inside the vagina instead of covering the penis.

Internal/female condoms protect against pregnancy by stopping the sperm contained in semen coming into contact with the vagina. When used correctly they are 95% effective at protecting against pregnancy.

They also stop sexual fluids being transferred between partners which provides protection against STIs.
Often just called ‘the pill’, the combined pill is a type of female contraception. It gets its name because it contains a combination of two hormones similar to those produced naturally by the body; progestogen and oestrogen.

If it’s taken correctly, the combined pill is over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy
A small 5cm by 5cm patch that women can apply to the skin like a plaster.

To prevent pregnancy, it controls fertility by releasing two hormones through the skin; oestrogen and progestogen which are similar to those produced naturally.

The brand that is currently available in the UK is called Evra.
The Contraceptive vaginal ring is a soft, flexible, plastic ring that goes into the vagina. It releases the hormones oestrogen and progestogen into the bloodstream to prevent pregnancy by controlling fertility.

The contraceptive vaginal ring is over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy when used correctly.

You wear one ring for 21 days with a seven day interval.
Sterilisation is a permanent method of contraception. Sterilisation works by stopping the eggs and sperm meeting.

Sterilisation is suitable for people who are sure they never want children or who do not want more children. Both men and women can be sterilised.
The contraceptive injection contains the hormone progestogen which works to control fertility.

Over 99% effective. One injection can protect you from pregnancy for 8, 12 or 13 weeks depending on the type used.
Emergency Contraception: can be used after unprotected sex, to prevent pregnancy
This information in this resource was taken from: https://www.brook.org.uk/your-life
Contraception is free on the NHS for all ages so you won't have to pay anything.

You can get it from a range of places including Brook services, other young people’s services, GP surgeries, GUM or sexual health clinics and family planning services.
Full transcript