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Transcript of Animal Farm
“All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others.”
- Published in 1949 but took place in 1984.
- It portrays a future where a totalitarian state controls every aspect of life, even people's thoughts!
-The state is called Oceania and is ruled by a group known as the Party; its leader and dictator is Big Brother.
George Orwell is Eric Blair
Orwell was a person who had a reputation for standing apart and even making a virtue of his detachment.
This “outsider” position often led him to oppose the crowd.
Orwell’s beliefs about politics were affected by his experiences
fighting in the Spanish Civil War.
He viewed socialists,
and fascists as repressive
He was skeptical
and their willingness to forsake ideas in favor of power.
British Author & Journalist George Orwell
“Liberty is telling people what they do not want to hear.”
By George Orwell
Born in 1903-1950
-Noted as a novelist and critic, as well as a political
and cultural commentator
-One of the most widely admired English-language essayists of the 20th century
-Best known for two novels critical of totalitarianism in general, and Stalinism in particular:
Orwell says he once saw a little boy whipping a horse and later he wrote,
“It struck me that if only such animals became aware of their strength we should have no power over them, and that men exploit animals in much the same way as the rich exploit the [worker].”
What is Animal Farm?
-It is a piece of literature that exposes the oppressive doctrines of governments.
-The story traces the deplorable conditions of personified animals. After extreme negligence by their owner, the animals revolt and expel Mr. Jones and his wife from the farm.
- The tale of the society the animals form into a totalitarian regime is generally viewed as Orwell's critique of the communist system in the former Soviet Union.
-Animal Farm can be meaningful to any reader in any historical period!
-The story of Animal Farm will always have lessons to teach us about the ways that people abuse power and manipulate others.
-Orwell's chilling story of the betrayal of idealism through tyranny and corruption is as fresh and relevant today as when it was first published in 1945.
Compare and Contrast
Napoleon = Stalin
Mr.Jones=Czar Nicholas II
-Boar who becomes one of the rebellion’s most valuable leaders.
After drawing complicated plans for the construction of a windmill, he is chased off of the farm forever by Napoleon’s dogs and thereafter used as a scapegoat for the animals’ troubles.
The irresponsible owner of the farm
Lets his animals starve and beats them with a whip
Sometimes shows random kindness
-A pure communist leader who
was influenced by the teachings of Karl Marx.
-He wanted to improve life for people in Russia, but was driven away by Lenin’s KGB. (Polce security)
-Inspired by Marx
- He did not live to see the revolution he inspired
-Taught my Old Major
No rich, but no poor
Better life for workers
All animals are equal
Everyone owns the farm
-Invented by Karl Marx
All people are equal
Government owns everything
People own the government
Animal Farm Revolution
Was supposed to make life better for all, but . . .
Life was worse at the end.
The leaders became the same as, or worse than the other farmers (humans) they rebelled against.
Was supposed to fix the problems created by the Czar, but . . .
Life was even worse after the revolution.
Stalin made the Czar look like a nice guy.
Animals Revolution = Russian Revolution
The Other Characters
- A big mouth pig who becomes Napoleon’s mouthpiece.
-He is very manipulative.
-Represents the propaganda department that worked to support Stalin’s image; the members of the department would use lies to convince the people to follow Stalin.
-A dedicated but dimwitted horse.
Represents the dedicated, but tricked communist supporters of Stalin.
-Many stayed loyal even after it was obvious Stalin was a tyrant. Eventually they were betrayed, ignored, and even killed by him.
-A tame raven and sometimes-pet of Jones who tells the animals stories about a paradise called Sugarcandy Mountain.
-Moses represents religion.
-Stalin used religious principles to influence people to work and to avoid revolt.
Stalin signs a peace agreement with Hitler, who breaks the agreement in 1941 and attacks Russia. Eventually, this leads to Hitler's downfall!
"The Communist Manifesto" (Karl Marx) comes out. Essentially says capitalist economy=bad, and the workers should be in control.
October - Russian Revolution. Famine, poor leadership (Czar Nicholas II) leads to being overthrown
"Works of the world unite!"
Civil war breaks out- Eventually, the Soviet Union is formed (Communism Starts).
Russian leader Stalin puts in many plans to rapidly industrialize Russia, including huge agricultural changes. Widespread famine kills millions!
Stalin "purges" anyone who is anti-communist. 50,000 to 2 million are killed!
-Weak russian leader during during the early 1900 s
-He was often very cruel to his subjects.
What is a fable?
-A story that teaches a lesson.
-Usually has animals as characters
What is an allegory?
-A story or a poem that hides a "true"meaning.
(Usually a moral or political one).
What is Satire?
A Story that uses wit, hyperbole, irony and sarcasm with the intent to shame person, government or a society for its foolish or weak qualities.
Let's See Who Was Paying Attention....??
Many Thanks to Dr. Mona El-Saady for this marvelous semester that has really nurtured our minds and thoughts. Our critical thinking limits have reached new dimensions!
Hope you enjoyed our presentation :)