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Popular Music through the ages

Include Different Genres of pop music (50's,60's,70's,80's,90's and 2000), Pop Music Developed.
by

Alice Asbury

on 15 October 2012

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Transcript of Popular Music through the ages

Popular Music By Alice Asbury From the 1950s music has changed dramatically compared to the modern day. Not just by the way it sounds, but the ways it is produced and played. Genre’s have been created and changed over the years, big contributions to these changes have been different timbres (distortion), song structure and technologies (synthesizers).
Music has become a channel for many other things as well, it influences the way people dress, act and the world of dance. There are specific example for big changes to the music industry :The Beatles, Bob Dylan, Bob Marley, Micheal Jackson, Elvis Presley etc. in the 1950’s music is very different to how we hear it now; there no auto-tuned vocals or synthesized sounds. Rock 'n' Roll practically dominated this era, this style originated from the United States with big icons like Elvis Presley. With his music, Elvis Presley brought in a lot of controversy with hise new styles in fashion and in dance; he also appeared in his film 'Jailhouse Rock' and a the time something like this was unseen before. There was also artist like Chuck berry, who used a wide range of improvisation with his guitar rather than sticking to a plain structure. There were still many other genre's that were creeping in and out of popularity - like Jazz, R&B, Country, Folk Music etc. 1950s The 1960s was not a large amount different in genres to the 50s; however specific genres like rock ‘n’ roll, blues, dance music and popular ballads were becoming world widely popular, giving the opportunity for people to make there music using ideas from these genres. This also wouldn’t of happened without an advance in technology; recorded versions of songs were becoming more and more available through vinyl’s and listened to on radios. Louis Armstrong is an example of the development with his song ‘A wonderful world’; within it his vocals are very unique (low and quite a harsh sound) which is very distinctive and relates to the 60s feel through the growing development of different artists. The genre is blues because of the way the vocals are sang and also the backing music which include a very light piano accompaniment, trombone, a simple swung drum rhythm and clarinet; these are played quite slow and swung and give the effect of it being blue. Also the unique quality of Louis Armstrong at this point in time was his scat singing; scat singing is a version of improvised singing, which is made up of short words (some even made up words) like 'doo' and 'ba'. 1960s In this era there is something know as the British invasion; rock was being more and more well known as a genre by this time, which lead to development within it and the spread of it. Musicians where beginning to make there own distinctive sound, by the use of different timbre’s, like distorted guitars, and also the vocal development of the use of harmonies. An example of this is the Beatles. The Beatles used many American influences from soul music, rhythm and blues and mainly rock ‘n’ roll and became famous world wide. Also there was the brand new element of a fanbase, this was basically unheard of before, the incredible size of there fanbase has been echoed through the generations and still have a large fanbase in the modern day. Here is an example of one of there songs ‘She loves you’ – this rock song sounds quite soft compared to some of the modern day rock we listen to, it includes a drumkit, rhythm and lead guitars and vocal’s layered on top of each other which make harmonies, there is also a very simple chord progression within it. 1960s Music was beginning to become a channel to reflect the feeling of a changing society. Styles of clothes were changing along with stereotypes; these started to relate to up and coming styles of music for example flares on trousers and disco music. During this decade disco music saw a big rise and become one of the most popular genres of the decade. Funk, smooth jazz, jazz fusion and soul however also remained popular during this period. Also there was a burst of sub-genres being created – especially within rock. Rock now included glam rock, hard rock, progressive, art rock and heavy rock; all of these were gaining popularity and each gave more of a distinctive sound compared to just being bunched into one genre. 1970s In the 1980s we saw a dramatic change in technology based music. This introduced synthesized sounds into the backing of the music, which lead to the creation of new genres such as techno and electro. It also set the path to genres such as rap and hip-hop which became much more popular during the 1990s and 2000. There was a large decrease in the popularity of disco which opened gates to new genres such as pop, dance music and new wave. 1980s It also gave the reinvention of many artist, for example Michael Jackson, who branched out from just making the music but dancing as well and being a big icon for what he did. An example of one of his songs is ‘Thriller’ which was released in 1982; it included a 13 minute video which told a story along to the music; it included a very prominent bass line and a synthesized drum section and included layered vocals and harmonies 1980s The 1990s lead to the increased popularity of hip-hop and rap music. Rap music was used as a channel to artist getting across there feelings and life, it included harsh story lines and lyrics within its expression; this was pretty much unseen in the 50s-70s so it was a great development and shows the amount of change. Also with the still developing technological side of music genres like drum and bass and trance music were coming into the scene, this was only the start to these to genres as they have gained in popularity quite recently in 2010. Drum and Bass consists of a very heavy synthesized bass, it can vary to being completely based on the synthesized bass line and having little melody lines with in it to being more based around a melody; drum and bass and trance music is a variation of dance music and you most likely hear it in clubs. 1990s The Year 2000s was more largely based around synthesized sounds and the use of auto-tune was a fundamental sound to the ‘naughties’ to make songs sound note perfect. Many genres were still popular such as rock and the sub-genre called alternative rock, which began in the 1980s with unknown artist recording music through home studios. Also continuing to remain popular was hip-hop and R&B, however they where both creating new sounds within there genres.
Also a big element of the 2000s was an increase again in technology, such as the internet developing, with things such as media player and itunes/digital downloads as well as the ability to show music videos over the internet with websites like youtube. 2000s 1960s 1950s Dusty Springfield Cliff Richard Louis Armstong Frank Sinatra Elvis Presley Mitch Miller Cilla Black Alice Cooper Led Zeplin 1970s Micheal Jackson Whitney Houston Prince 1980s As a musical combination i have covered one of The Beatles songs - 'Let it be' which gained national popularity and even to this date is still well known and listened too. This song consist of a structure of introduction/verse/chorus/verse all staying in the Cmajor key; it also consisted of a guitar solo. We have interpreted it in our own way expanding the solo section and adding more improvised melodies to fit into it. We have also backed the last verse with a guitar solo as a countermelody to calm the song before the end We are also doing a cover of a Micheal Jackson song - 'Smooth criminal'. This is a much more complex song compared to the beatles; to start with the structure is more challenging containing bridge's and different aspects to the chorus' each time for example the -'You've been hit by, You've been Struck by'. As well as the challenging vocal rhythms in the bridges and the unique sound of Micheal Jacksons voice is very hard to match A big technological impact was the addition of Stereo and Mono. A mono track was a single track with everything on it (all the guitar parts, vocals - put on to one). A stereo is a 2 track, which allows different parts of the song coming out of different speakers (the rhythm guitar coming out of one speaker then the lead in the other speaker.
Also there was a media increase which relates to music; the publication of it became more available - for example through the internet; digital downloads; music videos being played for the public; magazines and promotional adds on the television. Technological aspects Also the improving ways to being able to play music. The record player was the first step, but at this point in time they were expensive at not many people owned them until later on in the 1900s. In approximately 1962 cassette tapes had been invented leaving us with a smaller way to play music, however the sound quality still was not great. Then there was the switch from analogue to digital, this was in the form of compact disc(CD) ; this allowed more tracks to be played from one disc, the sound quality was improved greatly. The change in ability to play music lead to the growth in popularity. In the modern day music is played everyday and with ease and it is hard to think of it any other way! Technological aspects The way music was applied to CD also changed. A sides and B sides were originally used in records in which you could turn the record over and it would play a different track.
There are now items called LPs which are commonly known as albums; albums include a number of tracks from a particular artist all in one CD; then artist's can release some of these songs onto singles which can have over tracks that didnt make it on the album; a classic trait for a single is for the track to have a music video. 1990 Blink 182 Rage against the machine 2000s ... small Busted Britney Spears
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