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Temperate Deciduous Forest
Transcript of Temperate Deciduous Forest
By Terisia Joseph
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Longitude and Latitude
* The world's temperate zones are approximately at the latitudes of 45N and 45S.
* The longitudes accross the globe are approximately 80W, 70W, 30E, 120E, and 150E
- The eastern half of North America
- The middle of Europe
- Asia: southwest Russia, Japan, and eastern China.
- South America: Southern Chile and Middle East coast of Paraguay.
- New Zealand, and southeastern Australia
* The average rainfall: 30 -60 inches a year.
* The average temperature: 50F annually
* The average wind pattern: Westerlies which is the wind
blowing from the west.
* The soil composition: Very fertile and great agriculture regions.
Abiotic Factors (continued)
* The Dominant Geographic Feature: River/Streams and mountains.
* The Solar Radiation: Little radiation because the large trees block the sunlight.
* The Limiting Factor: Light availability and rainfall.
Rapid changes from cold and dry to wet and warm or to any of the other corners of the climate envelope are often swift and dramatic.
Key Plant and Animal Species
*Oaks: one of the most dominant tree species in the deciduous forest in North America. Many of the dominant species produce very large seed; the large seed contains enough food to sustain the seedling as it grows up through the leaf litter into the shaded world of the forest floor.
* The white-tailed deer, as it is an herbivore and therefore keeps plants at normal levels, and also keeps the tertiary consumers such as bears fed.
Autotrophs, Heterotrophs, and Decomposers
*Five major autotrophs in the temperate deciduous forest are: American Beech, Gulder Rose, Lady Fern, Shagbark Hickory, and the White Oak.
*Five major heterotrophs in the temperate deciduous forest are: American Bald Eagle, American Black Bear, Duckbill Platypus, White Tailed Deer, and the Coyote.
*Five major decomposers in the temperate deciduous forest are: Fungi, Bacteria, Earth, Worms, and Fly Maggots.
Current States of the Temperate Deciduous Forest
* Industrial Air Pollution: Produced from nearby industries burn fuels and destroy forests killing our wild life and poisoning the soil.
* Acid Rain: It damages their leaves and causes production of smaller fruit and less seeds used in reproduction. Even slight damage to trees can easily kill them because it reduces their resistance to frost, fungi, and deadly diseases and pests.
* Deforestation: For use in agriculture and clear cut logging have destroyed and continue to destroy millions of trees in the deciduous forest! Only in remote, mountainous areas, where farming and logging were impractical, are forests untouched.
* Global Restoration Network: a project of the society for ecological restoration internationally.
* Arizona Forest Health Advisory Council: Forests have undergone a dramatic transformation during the past century due mainly to land use and climate. Changes increase insect and disease outbreak, abnormal forest fires, and affect cultural and economical values. To aid these issues are:
Guiding Principles for Forest Ecosystem Restoration and Community Protection
Guiding Principles for a New Economy Based on Forest Restoration,
both communities acociated with the (AFHAC).
* Global Forest Watch: International initiative of the World Resources Institute (WRI).
DRAMATIC RAPID CHANGES
One of the most common sayings in weather for this climate is: "If you don't like the weather, wait a minute."
* "Deciduous Forest" http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm
* "Temperate Deciduous Forest" http://www.marietta.edu/biol/biomes/tempded.htm
* "Encyclopedia Britannica" http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/586555/temperate-forest
* "Temperate Deciduous Forest Facts" http://www.biomesfirst.wikispaces.com/Temperate+Deciduous+Forest+Facts
* "Habitat Biomes" http://www.earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/Biome/biotemperate.php
* "Habitat Awareness" http://www.inchinapinch.com/hab_pgs/terres/d__forest/td_forest.htm
* "Forest Location" http://www.mbgnet.net/sets/temp/locatns.htm
* "Deciduous Forests" http://www.ths.sps.lane.edu/biomes/deciduous3/deciduous3/deciduoud3.html
* "Temperate Deciduous Forests" http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
* "Global Restoration" http://www.globalrestorationnetwork.org/ecosystem/temperate-forest/
Rain Fall: Blue