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Medieval Japan - Social Classes

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Fraser Maggi

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of Medieval Japan - Social Classes

Medieval Japan
Social Classes RONIN NINJAS Many other ronin became criminals, joining organized crime or became bandits or highway-men.

Also hired as musclemen for gangs running gambling rings and brothels, or for protection.

These criminal ronin had a reputation of disgrace labelled as thugs and bullies. Daily Lives Of Ronin Ronin had no permanent home and moved around a lot depending on what they did. If they were a bodyguard they would live in presence of the person they were protecting and the same for if they were guarding a vehicle for merchants.

Sometimes ronin were lucky enough to join an army and travel with the army.

Ronin did not have a great dwelling as they would of in their time as a samurai. Where Did Ronin Live?
Ronin were lower down in the feudal system when they became masterless. A masterless samurai or ronin was after the paid samurai but just in front of peasants on the feudal pyramid.

Ronin did not have as much power as before when they were a samurai, but they still had possession of their swords which could use to make a living. Swords were useful because they could become mercenaries that guarded transport or housing.

They also could be bodyguards for wealthy merchants. How did ronin fit into the feudal system of medieval japan? Did ronin exercise any political power or control? WHAT DID RONIN CONTRIBUTE TO JAPANESE SOCIETY? How did ronin fit into the feudal system of medieval japan?
Did they exercise any political power or control? Many ronin joined forces with Toyotomi Hideyori and fought at the siege of Osaka.

There were years of peace following this and many ronin turned to farming or became townspeople but the
majority lived in property.

The ronin were considered dangerous and were not allowed to live in
the cities or serve new masters.

The ronin then joined in the Kerian Uprising in 1651. Resulting them being able to then serve new masters. How was this social class limited in what it could do? Ronin could not become farmers or merchants but could only be writers, Confucian scholars or teachers, instructor of martial arts or commonly a bodyguard.

They could not become farmers or merchants as it was strictly for the lower classes.

They were poor and unhappy because of low amounts of money being earned. Only a few ronin practiced Zen Buddhism if they practiced any religion at all therefore religious activities did not have a great effect on this social class. How did religious activities effect ronin? Where did ninjas live? Ninjas were sneaky assassins that did a lot of spying and killing. Carried farming tools as they weren't allowed to carry weapons. They wore black masks and silk clothing. They are trained from birth, were extremely quick with great balance and agility. What did ninjas contribute to Japanese society? Created fear. Hired by samurai lords to be spies and to kill the samurai enemy so it would not damage a samurai's honour Japanese also used ninjas to kill other Japanese enemy What was the daily life of a ninja? How did religious activity effect ninjas? They were spiritual people rather than religious Their beliefs were called ninjutsu which means art of stealth perseverance endurance and sufferance. Mikkyo was spiritual influence which was a method of enhancing personal power. Their spiritual beliefs effected the social class through torture assassination and created war. How did ninjas fit into the feudal system of medieval japan?

Did they exercise any political power or control? Samurai lost their land they occupied for their master when they became Ronin. Sometimes Daimyo needed to strengthen their armies, so Ronin were offered the chance to fight and work for new masters. Samurai and Daimyo during the Edo period had a not so close connection and Samurai would often leave their master to serve for new lords. How might have ninjas interacted with other social classes? How might have ronin interacted with other social classes? How was ninjas limited in what they could do? Some ronin when they began a new life becoming farmers or new masters interacted with the Japanese farming community. Other ronin interacted with other criminals as bandits or joining organized crime. They lived in the towns, cities and villages that the ninjas lived in were built with thatched roofs and a hole in the roof to let smoke out of the house that came from the indoor fires.

The streets were very dirty as they had no running water and no toilets.

They also drank from this which was extremely unhealthy.

People would become extremely sick from drinking from this rat infested water.

The richer people could afford meat and sugar; also they could afford imported spices from China.

The unrich people could only afford their own foods that they grew such as carrots, pumpkin, bread, onions and other vegetables. Some ate dairy as well. The ninjas did not fit into the feudal system because they were people that had no power; they slunk around in the dark and killing people without seeing their face.

They were equivalent to the Eta.

They were considered sub-human.

As war is a part of political power, they had power but hardly as much as the samurai.

Ninjas were terrific fighters, people were scared of them.
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