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Human Genetic Engineering
Transcript of Human Genetic Engineering
Engineering What is human genetic engineering? Human genetic engineering is simply the process of manipulating genes in such a way as to make human bodies better. HOWEVER... There are two different types of human genetic engineering: genetic therapy and genetic enhancement. An experimental technique that uses genes to treat or prevent disease. The use of genetic engineering to modify a person's nonpathological human traits. Although both are types of human genetic engineering, only one of the two is considered more ethical than the other. In many cases, genetic therapy is seen more ethical because of it's concern to help modify genes for the sake of one's life, whereas genetic enhancement benefits one's appearance to meet the needs of perfection. Example of genetic therapy: Example of gene enhancement:
A four year old girl has severe immune-deficiency disease due to a gene which fails to produce a vital enzyme.
With gene therapy, scientists are able to take certain cells and genetically alter them in order to meet the young girl's needs to cure the disease. This was the first example of a successful gene therapy experiment. A young athlete wants to improve his performance therefore uses Erythropoietin, a hormone which regulates red blood cell production. With this enhancement, the athlete will now improve in athletic performances and with self esteem. Drawing the line between what is ethical and not in human genetic engineering can be tricky... However, with organizations such as the Stanford Center for Integration of Research on Genetics and Ethics (CIRGE) help "to proactively identify and deliberate ethical, legal and social issues in current and emerging genetic research”.
With CIRGE, healthy tensions between human genetic engineering and ethics are created through this balanced approach. Human genetic engineering has become a wide topic among humans and a controversial one as well. Although organizations such as CIRGE are existent, the controversy between which one is ethically acceptable or not is never ending. Although organizations such as CIRGE are existent, the controversy between which one is ethically acceptable or not is never ending. Presentation by: