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Transcript of John Locke
~ John Locke was born on August 29th , 1632
~ He died October 28th , 1704
~ He was the most influential persons in England
~ He fled to Holland in 1683
~ He returned to England in 1688
~ He believed that all people had Natural Rights ; Life , Liberty and Property
~ Locke composed "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding."
~ It spanned four books and took on the task of examining the nature of human knowledge.
~The essay was published after Locke's return to England in 1688
Later Years & Impact
~ Locke published a letter concerning Toleration, The Reasonableness Of Christianity and some thoughts concerning Education
~Locke remained connected to governmental affairs in his advanced years.
~He helped steer the resurrection of the Board Of Trade
~ Locke passed away on October 28th , 1704 in Essex , where he spent the rest of his life at.
~ Locke had written the "Two Treatises Of Civil Government"
~ These Treatises were his theory of Natural Laws and Rights in which he makes a distinction between legitimate and illegitimate civil government
~ He saw that the reason why government was established was to protect the Life , Liberty and Property of the people
~ If goals were not respected then rebellion was entirely permissible by the population who was originally consented by the government's power
~ Locke's theories concerning the separation on church and state, religious freedom and liberty, influenced European thinkers , like Voltaire
~It shaped the thinking of Americas founders, from Alexander Hamilton to Thomas Jefferson
What is Locke Known For ?
~Locke's association with Anthony A. Cooper led him to become successively a government official.
~ He was charged with collecting information about trade and colonies, economic writer , opposition political activists and finally a revolutionary whose cause ultimately triumphed in the Glorious Revolution Of 1688.
What Did Locke Want ?
~Locke wants individuals to use reason to search after truth rather than simply accept the opinion of authorities or be subject to superstition
~He wanted us to proportion assent to propositions to the evidence for them
What Did Locke Believe ?
~ Locke believed that using reason to try to grasp the truth, and determine the legitimate functions of institutions will optimize human flourishing for the individual and society both in respect to its material and spiritual welfare.
~ This statement , had amount to the following the Natural Law and the fulfillment of the divine purpose for humanity.