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Dissociative Identity Disorder

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Riley Pacella

on 19 March 2014

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Transcript of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder
(DID)
What is DID?
Symptoms
How does DID affect a person's life?
Diagnosis of DID
a severe form of dissociation, a mental process, which produces a lack of connection in a person's thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity.
Depression
Mood swings
Suicidal tendencies
Sleep disorders
Anxiety, panic attacks, and phobias (flashbacks)
Alcohol and drug abuse
Compulsions
Psychotic-like symptoms (auditory and visual hallucinations)
Eating disorders
Depersonalization
Two or more distinct identities or personality states are present.
At least two of these identities or personality states recurrently take control of the person's behavior.
The person has an inability to remember important personal information that is too extensive to be blamed on ordinary forgetfulness.
The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (alcohol) or a general medical condition (such as complex seizures).
born March 3, 1962
thought to stem from trauma experienced by the person with DID.
Being detached from one's body (out of body experience)
Derealization
Feeling that the world is not real and foggy
Amnesia
Failure to remember important personal information that cannot be blamed of normal forgetfulness.
Identity Confusion
involves a sense of confusion about who a person is
Each "identity" a person has may serve diverse roles in helping the individual cope with life's dilemmas.
Herschel Walker
Fun Facts
the rate of dissociative identity disorder is .01% to 1% of the general population
7% percent of the population may have undiagnosed dissociative disorder
there have been extreme cases in which 100 different personalities were found
Diagnosed with DID
"What DID is, it is a unique way of coping."
"When I was a kid I had a speech impediment and I used to get teased all the time. I didn't love myself and I didn't know how to love myself." -Walker
DID may have developed because of being bullied as a kid.
His Personalities:
a tough personality that didn't feel loneliness
a fearless personality that wanted to act out the anger he always suppressed
some that helped him rise to fame
Recommended Therapy
Schizophrenia Vs. DID
Schizophrenia and DID are often confused
Schizophrenia
DID
born with it
develops due to trauma
hallucinations
behavioral problems and difficulty concentrating in childhood
suicidal
onset-20s and 30s
onset-average age 5.9
Hypnosis
increases the control DID patients have between each personality
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
integrates traumatic memories with the patient's own resources
found to result in enhanced information processing and healing
Medications
to treat depression, severe anxiety, anger, and impulse-control problems
Sometimes patients may feel as though the treatments are "killing" a part of them and refuse it.
"I know him better than anybody 'cause I raised him. I don't know nothing about that disorder business." -Willis Walker
It is very hard to diagnose, his father didn't even know about it.
Man with DID
Study of DID
Studied through mostly
clinical approaches
case studies


*very controversial with treatments and diagnosis*
When we are no longer able to change a situation, we are challenged to change ourselves. -Viktor E. Frankl
two or more subpersonalities are formed, one of which is the primary personality.
Therapists help clients to...
1.) recognize fully the nature of their disorder

2.) recover the gaps in their memory

3.) integrate the subpersonalities into one functional personality
Cause
Psychodynamic:
DID is caused by a lifetime extreme repression, motivated by traumatic events early in life.
Behavioral:
DID is a response learned through operant conditioning. People experiencing horrifying events may feel comfort when their minds drift.
Full transcript