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Community Health

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Savanna Venier

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of Community Health

Community Health
and
Healthy People

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
World Health Organization's Definitions:
Healthy Person
: "Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

Healthy City or Community
: “one that is safe with affordable housing and accessible transportation systems, work for all who want to work, a healthy and safe environment with a sustainable ecosystem, and offers access to health care services which focus on prevention and staying healthy.”

Step 2
Step 3
Support Groups and Classes

Cancer Support Groups
Neuroscience Support Groups
Smoking Cessation

One of Healthy People 2020's Overarching Goals for the Decade:
What is Healthy People 2020?
This emphasis on social determinants of health is also shared by:
WHO (World Health Organization)
NPAEHD (National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities)
NPHPS (National Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy)
Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all.
Healthy People 2020 launched on December 2, 2010 to continue this tradition of improving America's health.
Finding
Solutions
Statistics to Define the Community’s Health
Mortality Rates
Communicable Diseases
Leading Causes of Death
Life Expectancies
Nutrient Intakes
Health Resources’s use
Inpatient Care

Risk Factors for Health
Tobacco Use
Alcohol Misuse
Sedentary Lifestyle
Unhealthy Diet
Solutions to Smoking Problems
Implement Laws and Policies:
Increase its cost
Smoke-free Regulations
Insurance for tobacco-use Treatments
Goal is to decrease the number of people from starting to smoke and the exposure to second hand smoking being eliminated.
Problems with Alcohol Misuse:
"Risky Drinking" - danger to others &
Personal Health Problems
Recommendation for Physical Activity
30 minutes of moderate exercise five days a week
Vigorous exercise 3 or more days each week
Assessing the Needs of the Community
1. Define problem
2. Set parameters of the assessment
3. Define the community/population and the data needed
4. Collect data
-Qualitative and quantitative
5. Analyze and Interpret
-Find the link between the population and environment
6. Share findings
7. Set priorities
8. Choose a plan of action

Barriers to Good Health
Food Availability
Environment (walking/biking paths, area safety)
Access to Health Care Providers
Ways to Help the Community's Health
Advertise the programs available
Educate individuals on
why
certain behaviors are bad &
how
to change/fix them.
Get involved: write a letter to legislator

Healthy People provides science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans.
i.e. Family structure, Social cohesion
i.e. Access to health services (including clinical and preventative care), Health technology
i.e. Access to healthy foods, Crime and violence
i.e. School policies that support health promotion, Enrollment in higher education
i.e. Poverty, Access to employment
Social Determinants of Health
In October 2003 the CDC began funding communities nationwide through 5-year cooperative agreements, with YMCA as a national partner and expanded its investment in 2009 to create the Healthy Communities Program.

The Program works with over 300 communities, as well as with state and local health departments to help create a culture of healthy living while building national networks for sustainable change.
Sustainability

Healthy Communities Program
Goals
• Engage community members in healthful activities where they live, work, worship, play, and learn.

• Shape policies and sustainable environments that promote and sustain health and quality of life.

• Create sustainable, community-based improvements that address the root causes of chronic diseases and risk related factors.

Needs for Sustainability
Sustainability requires a development of a network of community practitioners who understand and can lead a Healthy Communities Movement.
Health Community Movement is made up of thousands of multi-sector community collaborations working to develop policies where people live, work, learn, play, and worship.
The movement includes hospitals and health systems; state and local health departments; community-based, faith-based, and philanthropic organizations; schools and universities; businesses; media organizations; national policy-focused organizations; and civic and social networks.
Florida Department of Health in Duval County
The Florida Blue Foundation along with the Healthy Jacksonville Childhood Obesity Prevention Coalition is trying to address the causes of childhood obesity.

They are looking to give out grants to local eligible organizations such as government entities, community coalitions and faith-based organizations that provide community education and outreach on the importance of good nutrition, physical activity and healthy weight for children and their families.
Purpose of Community Engagement Grants:
• To increase community access to physical activity opportunities (built environment) and activities.

• To increase access to healthy food and nutrition.

• To increase the consumption of healthy foods and the amount of physical activity children receive.
What is Jax Doing?
The Health Planning Council of Northeast Florida and Local Hospitals Form the “Community Benefit Partnership” to Address Local Health Issues.
The Partnership’s long-term goal is to achieve regional collaboration to bring together hospital data, population health, health-related quality of life indicators and community member input to provide a more detailed and complete profile of community health needs.
Support Groups and Classes
• Cancer Support Groups
• Neuroscience Support Groups
• Smoking Cessation

Reasons for volunteering
• Volunteers help to keep our neighborhoods, streets, parks, rivers, green spaces, and water clean and safe for everyone.

• Volunteers educate the public on health and safety; doctors and nurses donate time and medical knowledge to free clinics and natural/civil disaster areas worldwide.
• Volunteering allows you to connect to your community and make it a better place. Dedicating your time as a volunteer helps you make new friends, expand your network, and boost your social skills.
Community Health
Community health is the process of implementing initiatives designed in response to needs and assets that can demonstrate improvement in the overall health and well-being of a specific communities.
Central to this process is the effective and efficient use of resources such that the overall cost of health care is reduced while improving quality of life.

Health Professionals
Community health professionals promote, maintain and improve individual and community health by assisting individuals ad encouraging communities to adopt health behaviors.
They have sills in assessing individual and community needs, designing, planning implementing and evaluating health and health related programs, coordinating health and health related services, acting as health and health related information and service resource person and health communication.

Community Health Workers
(APHA) defines CHW's as a frontline public coworker who is a trusted member of and/or has an unusually close understanding of the community served.
This trusting relationship enables the CHW to serve as a intermediary between health/social services and the community to facilitate access to services and improve tech quality and cultural competence of service delivery.

Also builds individual and community capacity by increasing health knowledge and self-sufficiency through a range of activities such as:
Community Health Worker Cont.
Outreach
Community education
Informal counseling
Social support
Advocacy
Support Groups and Classes:
References
1. Boyle M, Holebn D. Community Nutrition in Action: An Entreprenurial Approach. 6th ed. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning; 2013.
2. Healthy People 2020- Improving the Health of Americans. August 2013 Available from: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/default.aspx (Accessed March 2014 ).
3. WHO Health - Health. 2014. Available from: http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story046/en/ (Accessed March 2014).
4.
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