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The 6 European Explorers
Transcript of The 6 European Explorers
Juan Ponce de Leon (1460 - 1521) Nationality Spain
Leon sailed with Christopher Columbus on
Columbus's second journey to America in 1493. In 1506, Leon led his own journey to find gold, just like most Spanish explorers. He found it while exploring the "New World".
In 1511, Leon set out on another Journey. This time, he landed in Cuba. In Cuba some people told him about gold and a magical fountain, on an island called Bimini, which was just north of Cuba. Leon left Cuba to find the fountain that could cure of all illnesses and keep anyone young.
Some of the Obstacles he Faced...
John Cobot (1450-1499)
He was sent to explore the new world, like Asia. England wanted him to find new colonies that England could claim for them self. Cobot also believed that he could find a water route to Asia, by sailing NW across the Atlantic Ocean.
The second time he went out to the unknown, he did not reach Asia, but he did find North America. He explored Canada in 1497.
Jacques Cartier (1491-1557)
In 1531 Cartier set out on a journey to find the Northwest Passage. This was the same passage John Cabot looked for when he was trying to find a water route through North America, that led to the Pacific Ocean.
On his first travel, Cobot experienced bad weather, food shortages, and conflicts with his crew members, which forced him to came back to England. Since he was determined to find a water rout to Asia, he went a different way and was lost at sea with his crew members.
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)
When Columbus was young, he traveled on trading ships. Columbus wanted to find a route to Asia and show his traveling skills. During his time, silk and spices ,from India, traveled by a long water route that traveled around Africa. Columbus believed that, instead of sailing east, as other sailors, he could sail West, and find a shorter water route, to Asia.
In 1607 Hudson was hired by the English Muscovy Company to lead the shi, Hopewell, on an journey, north of Europe. The company, hoped to discover a northeastern sea rout, that led to the spice islands of South Pacific Ocean.
Hudson returned to North America, for a 4th trip in 1611. While exploring North America, Hudson's crew turned against him. They put Hudson, his son, and seven crewmen on a small boat and left them stranded. The people on the bout ware never heard from again.
Henry Hudson (1575-1611)
Vasco Nunez Balboa (1475 - 1519)
Balboa admired Christopher Columbus. He also wanted to sail to 'The New World' like Columbus. However, Balboa did not want to find a water rout to Asia like Christopher Columbus, Balboa wanted to find gold so he could become rich. Balboa did find the treasure he was looking for, at the end.
When Balboa arrived in Santo Domingo, Balboa tried to be a farmer, but it did not turn out great. Someone had told Balboa about a " the great sea". Balboa believed the land that was in that part of the sea would contain gold. So after that, Balboa became determined to find the sea.
Unfortunately ,for Balboa, he was accused, by an enemy, of betraying his country , and so Balboa's head was cut off.
Balboa reached the Pacific Ocean in his journey. Balboa became the first European, to see the Pacific Ocean. He had claimed the ocean and all the island in the ocean, till the ocean touched Spain.
In the Pacific Ocean, he found treasure,that he was looking for. He spent months collecting the treasure. But, it ended up really bad.
Instead of finding Bimini he landed on the east coast of Florida, and claimed the land for Spain. He was the first one to explore Florida and he did not even knew that! Leon did not find the fountain of youth or any gold so he left disappointed. After returning home he set out on another journey to find Bimini. When he landed in Florida, again, the people there, shot arrows and hurt Leon and his crew. Leon left, but died from his injuries in Cuba.
Columbus went to the king of Portugal, for money for his journey, but the king refused. After, Columbus went to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in Spain, who gave Columbus money for his Journey.
While Columbus was on an island, his men were looked for gold. They also explored other islands that Columbus named, Hispaniola and Cuba. After arriving to the island, the bout, Santa Maria, was damaged and Columbus was forced to end his exploration and return home to Spain.
Columbus returned to the island, 3 more times to explore the Caribbean islands and Central South America. Columbus never found the water route to Asia but, he did find a "New World" that Europeans did not know it existed.
On Hudson's first voyage, he reached Greenland, but then his path was blocked by ice. On his second trip, a year later, he made it to the Arctic Ocean.
While on Hudson's third journey, he found three waterways, that were named after him: the Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and Hudson Strait. Hudson sailed further north then any other sailor before him.
In 1534, Cartier sailed along the Atlantic Ocean, looking for a path through North America to Asia. In 1535, his began his second trip, when he heard of a large river, west of new found land. Cartier thought that the river would lead him to Asia, but it didn't.
The Obstacles he faced
Cartier happened to stumble upon St. Lawrence River and the Gaspé Peninsula. 5 years later he made a 3rd trip. On the third journey, Cartier’s men built a settlement, near Quebec City in Canada.
So basically he discovered the St. Lawrence River.
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