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Grammar Unit

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on 7 February 2014

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Transcript of Grammar Unit

Grammar
By: Namra Sandhu, Jeevika Seri, Dharmesh Patel & Amanda Coyne
Noun/Pronoun Agreement
Noun/pronoun agreement is when the noun and pronoun match each other in both number and gender
1. A singular pronoun must replace a singular noun; a plural pronoun must replace a plural noun.
2. Compound subjects joined by "and" are always plural.
3. Collective Nouns (group, jury, crowd, team, etc.) may be singular or plural, depending on meaning.


Subject/Verb
Agreement

In Subject/Verb agreements, the subject and the verb must agree in number; they both must be singular or they both must be plural.
1. Two singular subjects connected by "or" or "nor" use a singular verb.
2. When "either" and "neither" are subjects they always take singular verbs.
3. Ignore the appositive and prepositional phrases when determining singularity.
Example 1:
Incorrect: The cars in the lot
is
clean.
Correct: The cars in the lot
are
clean.
Example 6:
Incorrect: Neither Roger
or
Iago are deceptive.
Correct: Neither Roger
nor
Iago are deceptive.
Example 3:
Incorrect: Jim and Sally are proud of
his
dog.

Correct: Jim and Sally are proud of
their
dog.
Example 5:
Incorrect: Jane's mom asked if
he
could borrow her laptop.
Correct: Jane's mom asked if
she
could borrow her laptop.
Example:4
Incorrect: Everybody needs to bring
their
grade up.

Correct: Everybody needs to bring
his
or
her
grade up.

Example 1:
Incorrect: Jane's friends all went to
her
lockers.

Correct: Jane's friends all went to
their
lockers.
Example 3:
Incorrect: Neither of the twins
are
sick.
Correct: Neither of the twins
is
sick.
Shift in P.O.V.
A point of view shift is when the narrator of the story changes positions.
1.) The voice of a verb may be either active or passive in a sentence, but should maintain the same voice when using 2 verbs in a sentence.
2.) When talking in first, second, or third person use the key words that pertain to the certain type of p.o.v. to maintain the same p.o.v.
3.) When writing about a novel, actions that take place should be written in present tense.

Example 2:
Incorrect: Omega's parents took pictures of
his or her
pool.
Correct: Omega's parents took pictures of
their
pool.
Example 1:
Incorrect: If
someone
wants to improve
their
grades
you
should improve
your
study habits.

Correct: If
we
want to improve
our
grades
we
should improve
our
studying habits.

I, me, my, mine, we, us, our, ours


Third Person
Example 3:
Incorrect: If
someone
wants to make cupcakes
you
should bring the cupcake batter.

Correct: If someone wants to make cupcakes
he or she
should bring the cupcake batter.

he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its, they, them, their
Example 4:
Incorrect: Sam, in addition to Bob and Sue,
run
the town.
Correct: Sam, in addition to Bob and Sue,
runs
the town.

Example 2:
Incorrect: Each of girls
sing
well.

Correct: Each of girls
sings
well.
Example 2:
Correct:
You
don’t have to be a genius to understand the lecture that was given.

Incorrect:
People
don’t have to be geniuses to understand the lecture that was given.

you, your, yours

Second Person
First Person
First Person: Novels
Example 5:
Incorrect: In the novel
Lord of the Flies,
Ralph
created
a shelter by himself.

Correct:
In the novel
Lord of the Flies,
Ralph
creates
a shelter by himself.
Active/Passive
Example 4:
Incorrect: While Jane
added
the eggs to the batter Sam
was holding
the bowl.

Correct: While Jane
added
the eggs to the batter Sam
held
the bowl.
ds
Mnemonics
Noun/Pronoun Agreement:
number and noun both start with N. The g in gender looks like a backwards P for pronoun.

Shift in p.o.v:
When you shift you
switch
positions and that is something that you shouldn't do when writing.

Subject/Verb Agreement
: Subject and verb are two words so that means that they either have to both be singular or both be plural
Full transcript