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The DAC Peer Review of Australia
OECD DAC peer reviewson 17 April 2013
Transcript of The DAC Peer Review of Australia
salamat po! Australia is a valued development partner Thanks from the team! Use country systems more - build on experience with education; use assessment of Philippines system to manage fiduciary risks
Review decision-making authority for procurement of private contractors
Scope for greater leadership in promoting donor co-ordination at the strategic/policy level
Add value to the research programme through better dissemination Suggestions for strengthening Australia's development co-operation in the Philippines Sectors supported National interest Bilateral partnership between the Philippines and Australia but in Mindanao poverty incidence is over 50% High pockets of poverty despite economic growth Conflict and poverty in Mindanao
important step in peace process in October 2012 with creation of Bangsamoro autonomous region The Philippines: development context 10% of GDP - remittances (USD 20.1 billion in 2011) The Philippines DAC Peer Review of Australia Context: the Philippines
Bilateral partnership between the Philippines and Australia
Australia’s development co-operation programme
Summary considerations Perspectives from the field Australia and its region USD 119 million average annual aid disbursement by Australia 2008-11 A result-focused development
co-operation programme ² The PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN
THE PHILIPPINES Population 95 million 3rd most vulnerable country in the world to disasters 6.5% economic growth in 2012 (IMF, 2013) 2011-16 Philippine development plan “inclusive growth and poverty reduction”
Key areas: productive employment, improving equality, social safety nets for most vulnerable
Priorities include education and safer and disaster-resilient communities
MDG-2 (universal education),
MDG-4 (child health),
MDG-5 (maternal health) MDGs: Off-track High income inequality - traced to inequality of opportunities, especially regarding health and education. Support the goals of inclusive growth and poverty reduction with 2 strategic objectives Strengthen basis services for the poor Reduce vulnerabilities from climate change and conflict ODA grants (2011): USD 490 million Aid at a glance to the Philippines Australia #3 Relative political stability: new reform-minded Government since June 2010 with a Social Contract: Half of households in the Philippines are either poor or near poor: 42% population under US$2 per day
18% live under US$1.25 per day Stable and prosperous Philippines Major security partner Counter-terrorism and
transnational crime Two-way trade in 2011 - AUD 3 billion ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area Filipino diaspora and students in Australia Regional co-operation - ASEAN, APEC Fighting human trafficking, transboundary animal diseases, combating drug resistant malaria Whole-of-Australian-government Situation analysis Working together in the Philippines Priority setting for development co-operation Good range of co-ordination mechanisms Separate international
engagement strategies Reporting to Canberra Potential to translate good way of working into whole-of-government strategy for the Philippines Half of aid envelope allocated to Mindanao region Top ten recipients of Australian ODA
2011 (USD million) 1. Education: 25% of aid to Philippines for past 10 years; about 38% of aid envelope in 2011-12 2. Governance: about 23% in 2011-12 3. Local government capacity to deliver basic services: about 21% in 2011-12 4. Climate change adaption and disaster risk management: about 6% in 2011-12 5. Peace and security: about 8% in 2011-12 STRATEGIC:
seize opportunities of a poverty-focused reform-minded government
balancing institutional strengthening and need to demonstrate short-term results Long-term commitment – 10 year public financial management reform programme RESPONSIVE: K to 12 education agenda; disaster risk reduction; conditional cash transfer FLEXIBLE: humanitarian response; good delegation of authority to country office INNOVATIVE: incentive program in provincial roads programme Targets reducing POVERTY Evidence-based Strong results focus Supports and facilitates donor co-ordination