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Literacy

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Jennifer Stacy

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Literacy

Literacy
Literacy is the ability to gain information
or vicarious experience from reading.
Students are considered literate when they can exhibit understanding by restating, summarizing, or questioning.
1. Reading for literacy: occurs in voluntary reading or in literature classes to gain experiences vicariously.
Novels
Short stories
Poems
Plays
Three Major Major Purposes of Reading
2. Reading for information: occurs when acquiring information for a specific need utilizing skills such as scanning, note taking and paraphrasing to extract information.
Newspapers
Textbooks
Encyclopedias
Nonfiction books
3. Reading to perform a task: occurs when a reader intends to apply a task to gain necessary information.
Schedules
Directions
Forms
Recipes
Reading’s power lies in its potential to develop in the reader new perspective on times, people, and places, and to engender empathy for other’s experiences and feelings (p. 180).
Library Media Program and Reading Instruction
Library provides a wide variety of literature and resources
Quality and Quantity are critical factors
Access is best when:
Open door policy for students and teachers
Teachers can checkout numerous materials for classroom use
Library Media Specialist plays significant role in teaching of reading by providing:
Reference tools
Skills
Background knowledge
Experience in selecting quality materials
Resources (both print and electronic)
Guidance in student reading material selection
Collaboration with teachers
Professional resources
Nurturing Readers
Motivating students to read is a shared responsibility for teachers, parents, children, community members, and library media specialist.
Experiences that develop reading motivation:
Produce confident readers
Create an intrinsic purpose for reading
Provide opportunities for social engagement of reading
Engender enthusiasm for reading
Ways to Nurture Reading
Meaningful book discussions are important contributors to positive attitudes toward reading (Johnson and Gaskins 1992).
With experience in reader response students develop complex responses to literature and better construct meaning (Eeds and Wells 1998).
2. Literature Circles
3. SSR Programs
4. Choice
5. Book Clubs
6. Parental Influence
7. Read Alouds
8. Summer Reading Programs
9. Collaboration with school and public library
1. Book Discussions and Reader Response
Verbal exchanges about content improve learning and increase levels of thinking (Marzano 1991).
The more students read the better readers they are (Krashen 1993).
21st Century literacy
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