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Art and Architecture in the Golden Twenties

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Lisa S.

on 2 April 2017

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Transcript of Art and Architecture in the Golden Twenties

The golden twenties?
Art Deco
Art Deco in Architecture
became very popular
Centered in Germany
Art and Architecture
in the Golden Twenties


Tudor revival style
Neo-Georgian style
Art Deco
Tudor revival style
Neo-Georgian style
http://www.fragrancex.com/fragrance-information/a-guide-to-the-roaring-twenties.html 3.10. 14:17
https://www.boundless.com/u-s-history/textbooks/boundless-u-s-history-textbook/from-the-new-era-to-the-great-depression-1920-1933-24/a-culture-of-change-187/art-deco-expressionism-and-surrealism-1032-1996/ 7.10.2015 16:20
"The German artist creates out
of his imagination,
inner vision, the forms of
visible nature are to him
only a symbol."

-Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Art is nothing but the
expression of our dream;
the more we surrender to it
the closer we get to the
inner truth of things,
our dream-life, the true
life that scorns questions
and does not see them."

Franz Marc

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Wassily Kandinski
Paul Klee
Max Beckmann
August Macke
Egon Schiele


geometric and angular shapes
rounded motives - flowers and leaves
theatrical contrast
inspired by nature

Time: ca 1908-1935
began in Paris/Europe
took hold after WWII
modernism turned to fashion
1920's: spread from Paris to western Europe
1930's: spread to America
after WWII/1960's: renewal of the idea
- art nouveau
- cubism painters
- early Hollywood scenes
- the Bauhaus Idea
Eileen Gray
Clarice Cliff
René Lalique
Raymond Templiér
Time: 1924-1966
founded by André Brenton in 1924
"The Surrealist Manifesto."
began allied to Dada
Concept & Style
employed fantasy & dream imagery
goal: overthrow rules of modern society
tried to translate Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis into art
http://virtual-explorations.org/ge_beginning.htm 7.10.2015 18:32
German Expressionism
German expressionism artists served military
came back depressed etc.
Germany: economic, social and political problems
Pre-war art: spirituality
Post-war art: dark and politically
Franz Marc: Der Turm der blauen Pferde, 1913
Founders: Wassily Kandinski, Franz Marc, August Macke, Alexej von Jawlensky, Marianne von Werefkin, Gabriele Münter
Der Blaue Reiter:
Founders: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel,Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Max Pechstein, Otto Mueller, Cuno Amiet
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, 1910
Wassily Kandinsky, cover of Der Blaue Reiter, 1912
George Grosz: Explosion, 1917
http://www.moma.org/explore/collection/ge/themes/war#slide03 4.10.2015 17:07
http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/~/media/ArtsEdge/Images/LessonArt/grade-9-12/Miro_Carnival.ashx - 14/102015 18.30
http://antique-marks.com/art-deco-artists.html - 13/10/2015 19.11
- 13/10/2015 18.56
http://uploads8.wikiart.org/images/max-ernst/surrealism-and-painting-1942.jpg -14/10/2015 18.33
http://www.sothebys.com/content/dam/stb/lots/L13/L13003/800L13002_6LMCV.jpg.thumb.385.385.png - 14/10/2015 18.36
https://40.media.tumblr.com/095d7b33e5246ac93515079a0384dfa1/tumblr_mtkbt6SKH51s9v5qzo1_500.jpg - 14/10/2015 20.36
http://de.phaidon.com/resource/dali-thedream.jpg - 14/10/2015 21.01
http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl=http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2014/11/5/1415187923906/Picasso-Weeping-Woman-193-001.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/nov/05/conscience-conflict-british-artists-spanish-civil-war-review&h=940&w=772&tbnid=HrtIYtTFB1uERM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=74&usg=__BckwfHOXLZokqkxEMq1J2VRaxLE=&docid=dG6Lsm8JdNPlBM&sa=X&ved=0CCUQ9QEwAWoVChMI1sq0-eXCyAIVBxByCh37EgbV 14/10/2015 21.36
http://www.artfinding.com/images/biographie/103648/Raymond-Templier%C2%A0.jpg 14/10/2015 21.46
http://www.art7d.be/moderneschilderkunst/ENG1920.30.html 14/10/2015 21.52
http://www.pablopicasso.org/cubism.jsp 14/10/2015 22.10
http://www.theartstory.org/movement-surrealism.htm 14/10/2015 22.13
https://www.boundless.com/u-s-history/textbooks/boundless-u-s-history-textbook/from-the-new-era-to-the-great-depression-1920-1933-24/a-culture-of-change-187/art-deco-expressionism-and-surrealism-1032-1996/ 14/10/2015 22.33

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-expressionism.htm 13.10.2015 17:43
http://www.bricksandbrass.co.uk/design_history/tudorbethan_style.php 14.10.2015 13:18
Max Ernst
Salvador Dalí
Joan Miró
Table of Content
The golden twenties
-> Expressionism
-> Surrealism
-> Art Deco
-> Bauhaus
-> Photography
-> Dada
-> Effect on society

not seen as a form of art
rarely exhibited in museums
hobby or advertising/journalism
Alfred Stieglitz: Studio "291"
helped careers of others
End of 1920s: museums started showing photography
Ansel Adams, Imogen Cunningham, Man Ray
"Kodak moments"
symmetrical style, rectangular layout
mainly used for housing
creates an imposing appearance
four problems
skyscrapers solution!
"skeleton construction"
Building of the Empire State building between 1930 and1931
http://www.theclio.com/web/ul/18324.35688.jpg 14.10.2015 19:56
The Woolworth building in 1913
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/wonder/structure/empire_state.html 14.10.15 20:06
has features of two other styles
Edwin Lutyens
medieval cottages or country houses
high chimney
upper storey overhangs
wood frames
"black-and-white work"
http://www.buffaloah.com/a/archsty/tud/tudor_57nottghm.JPG 14.10.2015 21:39
Pablo Picasso, La Femme aux Pigeons, 1930
Sigmund Freud
nationalism and rationalism
performance art, poetry,photography, sculpture, painting, collage
ClimaxBerlin Dada: International Dada Fair in 1920
ultimate expression
Joan Miro - Harlequin's carnival 1924-1925
Surrealism and Painting (1942), Max Ernst
Salvador Dalí - the Dream (1931)
Art Deco Perfume Poster -France 1931
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tudor_Revival_architecture 14.10.2015 22:16
Art Deco Design
Art nouveau design
Pablo Picasso -Weeping Woman, 1937
1920's Photography of a typical actress in Hollywood at that time
Bauhaus curriculum for Bauhaus students
Eileen Gray, Paris 1926
- one of her designs
Clarice Cliff - china design 1928
René Lalique - 1929 jewerly
Raymond Templier - 1933
Wrist bracelet - design 1927
http://www.wentworthstudio.com/historic-styles/art-deco/ 14.10.2015 22:48
http://photos.cinematreasures.org/production/photos/79543/1377307249/large.jpg?1377307249 14.10.2015 22:54
https://www.colourbox.com/preview/7190016-art-deco-geometric-pattern-1920-s-style.jpg 14.10.2015 23:02
http://rlv.zcache.co.uk/brown_and_beige_geometric_art_deco_pattern_cloth_napkin-rc77b74e918f64d118ffa8e904d0a7d4e_2cf00_8byvr_324.jpg 14.10.2015 23:04
http://www.bbc.co.uk/homes/design/period_artdeco.shtml 15/10/2015 9 .00
hpBW6Tw2n30/s1600/Art+Deco+eng.pngh 10/10/2015 10/10/2015 11.56
http://www.theartstory.org/movement-dada.htm - 19:16 14.10.2015
http://www.dieselpunks.org/profiles/blogs/the-dada-art-movement -21:02 14.10.2015
https://books.google.de/books?id=CecCHiI95dYC&pg=PA284&lpg=PA284&dq=photography+1920s&source=bl&ots=6sgpCDBkAg&sig=IxjmP83dC9gxVa4ESpKBcnSPL7w&hl=de&sa=X&sqi=2&ved=0CGoQ6AEwD2oVChMI18OX8KzCyAIVg38aCh2CfAWZ#v=onepage&q=photography%201920s&f=false - 18:30 14.10.2015
http://petapixel.com/2014/07/03/rooftop-photo-1920s-first-group-selfie-history/ - 9/10/2015 22.12
http://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/themes/dada -19:22- 14.10.2015
http://www.theartstory.org/movement-expressionism.htmhttp://www.theartstory.org/movement-expressionism.htm - 13/10/2015 19.25
http://www.moma.org/explore/collection/ge/themes/postwar_politics - 15/10/2015 16.58
http://www.moma.org/explore/collection/ge/themes/war#slide03 - 12.10.2015 20:46

geometric shapes
sunrise patterns on glass, Buffalo city hall
Buildings were decorated with:
geometric shapes
floral and sunrise patterns

floral patterns
New designs
less space but more efficient
NYC skyline in the 1920s
-> Designs:
-> Tudor revival
-> Neo-Georgian
-> Bauhaus
-> Art Deco
-> Skyscrapers
-> Effect on society
Pure functionalism
or a creative era?

Art's effect on society in the 1920's
doorway centrally placed
Advertisement for "Kodak memories"
Studio "291"
Pedimented windows
“Mount Williamson—Clearing Storm”, Ansel Adams
brick facade
fanlight above door
expressing imaginative dreams & visions free
setting back to functionality
experimented with shapes & motifs
influenced fashion and film
Walter Gropius
The Bauhaus Building, in Dessau, designed by Walter Gropius in 1926
1883 - 1969
founder of modern architecture
led the Bauhaus School
E. Bieber, Walter Gropius, 1928
Further sources
The Persistence of Memory - Dalí
Architecture's effect on society
http://bauhaus-online.de/atlas/personen/walter-gropius - 15/10/2015 22.00
Through skyscrapers:
many people lived in cities
same space but more people!
infrastructure improved
criminality rose
more schools etc. had to be build
http://www.shmoop.com/1920s/summary.html 15.10.15 17:50
Pure functionalism or a creative era?
new designs = creative
skyscrapers = functional
pre-art movements were modified
= societies functionalism led to creative rebellions
Tudor revival style house by barclays in 1932
A Tudor revival style home
by Rhoda, Patricia & Lara Nov 2015
What is your opinion?
Pure functionalism vs.
a creative era
founded in 1919 - Weimar Dessau & disbanded in Berlin
combined functionalism with aesthetic
Wagenfeld Lampe
End 1920s: started exhibiting art photography
Advertisement "Kodak moments"
Studio "291"
Mount Williamson, Ansel Adams
Tuberose, Imogen Cunnigham
L'violon d'ingres, Man Ray
First selfie in history
"The beginnings of Dada were not the beginnings of art, but of disgust"
-Tristan Tzara
Book cover of "Anna Blume"
International Dada Fair in 1920
Marcel Duchamp
Fountain, Marcel Duchamp
Sophie Taeuber
The Son of Man - Rene Magritte 1946
"skeleton construction"
Architecture begins where engineering ends.
The mind is like an umbrella- it works best when it is open.
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