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Eating Disorders

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by

Pilar Aguirre

on 13 June 2016

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Transcript of Eating Disorders

Type 1 diabetes + less insulin than needed =
weight loss and health problems

Pregorexia
Anorexia
Drunkorexia
Eating Disorders
Definition

• Only 1 in 10 men and women with eating disorders receive treatment.
• Up to 24 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder in the U.S.
• Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness.
Eating disorders are conditions defined by rare eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food because of an individual's physical and mental health.
General characteristics
Orthorexia
different eating disorders
Bulimia
Diabulimia
Binge eating is the word that people use for episodes of compulsive eating.
Characterized by binge eating and purging, or consuming a large amount of food in a short amount of time followed by an attempt to rid oneself of the food consumed (purging), typically by vomiting and/or excessive exercise, because of an extensive concern for body weight.
Binge
Some definitions
Anorexia nervosa is a complex eating disorder with three key features:
refusal to maintain a healthy body weight
an intense fear of gaining weight
a distorted body image
Because of your dread of becoming fat or disgusted with how your body looks, eating and mealtimes may be very stressful. And yet, what you can and can’t eat is practically all you can think about.
Approximately 90-95% of anorexia nervosa sufferers are girls and women and it is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women.
Warning signs
Dramatic weight loss.
Preoccupation with weight, food, calories, fat grams, and dieting.
Refusal to eat certain foods, progressing to restrictions against whole categories of food.
Frequent comments about feeling “fat” or overweight despite weight loss.
Anxiety about gaining weight or being “fat.”
Denial of hunger.
Development of food rituals (e.g. eating foods in certain orders, excessive chewing, rearranging food on a plate).
Consistent excuses to avoid mealtimes.
Excessive, rigid exercise regimen
Health consequences

Abnormally slow heart rate and low blood pressure, which mean that the heart muscle is changing. The risk for heart failure rises as heart rate and blood pressure levels sink lower and lower.
Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones.
Muscle loss and weakness.
Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.
Dry hair and skin, hair loss is common.
Growth of a downy layer of hair all over the body in an effort to keep the body warm.
Causes of bulimia
Genetics: individuals with a family history of eating disorders have a higher risk of developing bulimia.
Being bullied: children who have been bullied at school are more likely to develop bulimia compared to other kids.
Victims of abuse: incidences of bulimia are higher among people who have been abused.
Traumatic/stressful life events: bereavement, divorce, leaving home and other stressful life events are believed to be possible causes for bulimia.
Having mental health problems: bulimia is frequently associated with other psychological problems.
Cultural factors: some people believe that individuals, especially young females, who are exposed to media photographs of slim and beautiful women become more vulnerable to developing eating disorders like bulimia.
Competitive sports
signs and symptoms
Body weight keeps changing
An obsession with eating and food
After eating the patient disappears
Episodes of eating too much
Compulsive exercising
Scars on the knuckles
Depression
Anxiety
Isolation
Inflamed throat
Unexplained damage to teeth
Constantly complaining about being overweight
Purging
When people get rid oneself of the food consumed.
Obesity

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person's weight is greater than what's considered healthy for his or her height.
Being obese increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers. If you are obese, losing even 5 to 10 percent of your weight can delay or prevent some of these diseases.
Treating obesity
eat a balanced, calorie-controlled diet as recommended
join a local weight loss group
take up activities such as fast walking, jogging, swimming or tennis for 150-300 minutes a week
eat slowly and avoid situations where you know you could be tempted to overeat
When you have obesity, you need to be treated by a professional, so he/she can give you some treatments to follow. Some of them are:
Some characteristics:
+30% of diabetic women between the ages of 15 and 30
Type 1 diabetics are 2 1/2 times more likely to develop an eating disorder than other women
It is commonly characterized by:
Purposely restricting food intake in order to reserve food calories for alcoholic calories
Exercising excessively to burn calories consumed from drinking
Over-drinking alcohols for the purpose of purging previously consumed food
Female students = higher effects (meaning: reach alcohol poisoning and organ damage faster) because women metabolize alcohol faster than men
Just one night of drunkorexia can have serious consequences
Capable of leading to:
drunk driving
alcohol poisoning
injury risk
passing out
malnutrition
heart problems
cognitive disabilities
seizure
comas
organ failure
Brought to you by:
Pilar Aguirre
Nadine Beletzky
Melanie Eszter
Julieta Lafont
Florencia Santamarina
causes of obesity
Sedentary lifestyle: Worldwide there has been a large shift towards less physically demanding work, this is primarily due to increasing use of mechanized transportation and a greater prevalence of labor-saving technology in the home.
Genetics: obesity is the result of an interplay between genetic and environmental factors.
Other illnesses: Certain physical and mental illnesses and the pharmaceutical substances used to treat them can increase risk of obesity.
Social determinants.

They care about the quality of the food they put in their bodies.
Extreme limitation and obsession in food selection.
Seems to be more common in men than in women and in those with a lower level of education.
Extreme exercise routines.
Excessive fear of pregnancy-related weight gain.
Calorie restriction.
Bigorexia
A case of bigorexia.
Their body image is not consistent with reality.
They think that that they are not muscular enough.

Causes:
- family disharmony
-negative influence of mass culture that promotes an idealized body
-aesthetic focus
- severe stress
-perfectionism
Diabulimia Helpline
Expert on Diabulimia and "Glucophage"
Full transcript