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Green Development

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Vanessa Layne

on 2 March 2013

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Transcript of Green Development

Foundation Drive "Innovation in the Green Economy: An Extension of the RIS Model?" Core Process innovation prevails over product/service innovation

Local Government

The State Green Development Green economy: "economic activity that reduces energy consumption and/or improves the environmental quality" Green Building/Construction
Environmental Services
Energy Research
Recycling & Waste Remediation
Green Manufacturing
Green Transportation Innovation in the Green Economy: Creation of new Products/Services
i.e. Green Building: LEED Innovation in Process Green Jobs Survey Report: State of Florida Research Findings of Chapple et al. (2011): Innovation varies by sector and firm type, and embeddedness in the local market. Green Economic Activity Construction
Energy Firms: Solar Reducing energy use
Going "green"
Cleaner Transit Top Green Sector
Activities "increase energy efficiency" "Conserve natural resources" Highest rate of current & projected
green jobs/growth rate:






Construction (e.g. Green Building) "prevent, reduce, clean up pollution" Conducted by Florida Agency for Workforce Innovation, in partnership with Workforce Florida. In 2010, it was estimated that 42,422 jobs were associated with Florida’s “Green Economy.” In 2010, 3.1 million jobs in the U.S. were associated with production of green goods, services, and processes. Green Goods & Services Survey (BLS, 2012) Florida Green Jobs Survey Innovation in Florida's "Green Economy" Advanced Energy Economy Institute (AEEI) conducted survey that found 88% of Florida voters support advanced energy technologies, products, and services. City of Miami's Office of Sustainable Initiatives:
Miami Green Lab Non-profit Networks

Universities

Local/regional Markets Relationship between innovation and job growth not straightforward

Type of innovation and is role varies widely across sectors

Large firms most likely to innovate new processes

New green innovative companies respond to local and regional markets The John S. and James L. Knight Green Jobs Training Center Green Development: Global Change Impacts in the U.S. Highlights of Report Narrative predicated on the observations and forecasted consequences of climate change for our nation with the objective of improving decision-making at all levels.

Delves into some of the measures that society is currently undertaking (i.e.: mitigation and adaptation responses), or can take to contend with the issue. Health Ecosystem Agriculture Society Transportation Energy Water Issues of National Importance Sea Ice and Permafrost
Forests
Coldwater Fish
Coral reefs
Heavy Downpours
Heat Waves
Water Supply Impacts of Climate Change Despite increased efforts to curtail the consequences of human-induced climate change, materialism will continue to win over. Meaning…relax and enjoy the ride, because we’re all gonna die! Questions? Crop and Livestock Production Higher levels of warming often
negatively affect growth and yields.

Excesses or deficits of water have
negative impacts on plant growth. COASTAL AREAS • Sea-level rise leads to erosion and loss
of land
• S torm surge causes flooding
• Increased pollution due to more runoff
from the land
•Ocean acidification threatens coral
reefs and shellfish Threats to human health will increase • Heat stress
• Waterborne diseases (due to heavy
downpours and higher temperatures)
• Poor air quality
• Extreme weather events
• Diseases caused by insects and rodents
• Pollen increase
• Children, the elderly, and the poor are
most vulnerable to climate-related health
effects Grants & Funding

One of the most prominent regulations directed at protecting the environment, passed towards the end of the decade, was The Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), more commonly known as Superfund legislation.

CERCLA or Superfund was passed by Congress on December 11, 1980 to assist in the identification and cleanup of abandoned or uncontrolled hazardous waste sites across the United States. Under CERCLA a superfund was created to assist the federal government in response to incidents such as Love Canal, New York and other environmental hazards.

EPA's Brownfields Program provides direct funding for:
Brownfield assessment
Cleanup
Revolving loans
Environmental job training

To facilitate the leveraging of public resources, EPA's Brownfields Program collaborates with other EPA programs, other federal partners, and state agencies to identify and make available resources that can be used for Brownfield activities.

In addition to direct Brownfield funding, EPA also provides technical information on Brownfield financing matters. Brownfields-Web-Comments@epamail.epa.gov) Overview of Funding EPA's Brownfields Program is designed to empower states, communities,
and other stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a
timely manner to prevent: assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse brownfields.

EPA's Brownfields Program provides financial and technical assistance for brownfields activities through an approach based on four main goals:

Protecting the Environment Addressing brownfields to ensure the health and well-being of America's people and environment.

Promoting Partnerships Enhancing collaboration and communication essential to facilitate brownfields cleanup and reuse.

Strengthening the Marketplace by providing financial and technical assistance to bolster the private market.

Sustaining Reuse Redeveloping brownfields to enhance a community's long-term quality of life. (http://www.epa.gov/swerosps/bf/basic_info.htm)
EPA's Brownfields Mission: The concept of smart growth recognizes the connections between development and quality of life, leveraging new growth that complements the area while revitalizing underutilized and abandoned Brownfield in established communities.

Smart growth helps to protect open space and prime agricultural lands.

The features that define smart growth vary from place to place and community to community. In general, smart growth invests time, attention, and resources in restoring vitality to center cities and older suburbs.

Successful communities tend to have one common thread – a vision of the future and an understanding of what is important to their communities.

Smart growth is development that serves the economy, the community, and the environment. It changes the terms of the development debate away from the traditional growth/no growth question to "how and where should new development be accommodated.

“Brownfields redevelopment is an integral component to smart growth.

By redeveloping a Brownfield in an older city or suburban neighborhood, a community can remove blight and environmental contamination, create a catalyst for neighborhood revitalization, lessen development pressure at the urban edge, and use existing infrastructure. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/policy/initiatives_co.htm
Smart Growth The EPA Role in the Brownfield Program Scholars and Practitioners routinely identify Brownfield as a source of:
Neighborhood improvement
A mechanism to increase property value
A source of sustainable development
A means to reduce urban sprawl (slump, collapse)
A path to an improved environment
A source of new jobs

Brownfield policy has come to be seen as a major community development tool of state and local governments.

Much of research has sought to indentify factors associated with positive outcome, one of which is project funding. (Greenberg & Issa, 205) RELATED WORK Training, Research, and Technical Assistance Grants
Training, Research, and Technical Assistance Grants provide funding to eligible organizations to provide training, research, and technical assistance to facilitate brownfields revitalization.

Targeted Brownfields Assessments
The Targeted Brownfields Assessment (TBA) program is designed to help states, tribes, and
municipalities–especially those without EPA Brownfields Assessment Pilots/Grants–minimize the uncertainties of contamination often
associated with Brownfields.


Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training Grants
Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training Grants are designed to provide funding to eligible Entities, including nonprofit organizations, to recruit, train, and place predominantly low-income and minority, unemployed and under-employed residents of solid and hazardous waste-impacted communities with the skills needed to secure full-time, sustainable employment in the environmental field and in the assessment and cleanup work taking place in their communities
Area-Wide Planning Pilot Program
The grant funding and direct assistance (through Agency contract support) will result in an area-wide plan which will inform the assessment, cleanup and reuse of Brownfield properties and promote area-wide revitalization.

Assessment Grants
Assessment grants provide funding for a grant recipient to inventory, characterize, assess, and conduct planning and community involvement related to brown field sites.

Revolving Loan Fund Grants
The purpose of Revolving Loan Fund Grants is to enable States, political subdivisions, and Indian tribes to make low interest loans to carryout cleanup activities at Brownfield properties.

Cleanup Grants
Cleanup grants provide funding for a grant recipient to carry out cleanup activities at Brownfield sites.

Multi-Purpose Pilot Grants
The EPA is piloting a new grant program that will provide a single grant to an eligible entity for both assessment and cleanup work at a specific Brownfield site owned by the applicant. Overview of Grants Funding for Brownfield's Redevelopment The Clean Michigan Imitative (CMI) (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development) The George W. Bush Administration was particularly proactive in promoting Brownfield redevelopment activity through market-based activity. (Planning local Economic development, page 53), While the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the lead agency for Brownfield redevelopment, other federal agencies, in particular, Housing and Urban Development (HUD), have been active as well.
 
The EPA’s role began with its 1995 Brownfield Action Agenda that included Brownfield pilot grants to communities’ clarification of liability issues for Brownfield property owners, partnerships between federal, state and local agencies to promote Brownfield redevelopment, and job development and training for Brownfield remediation
 
Its proactive stance was significantly enhanced with the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfield’s Revitalization Act in 2002. HUD administers the Brownfield Economic Development Initiative (BEDI), to promote the return of Brownfield to productive economic use.
  National Policy Targeting Local
Economic Development WHAT ARE BROWNFIELDS? EPA's Brownfields Program is designed to empower states, communities,
and other stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a
timely manner to prevent: assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse brownfields.

EPA's Brownfields Program provides financial and technical assistance for brownfields activities through an approach based on four main goals:

Protecting the Environment Addressing brownfields to ensure the health and well-being of America's people and environment.

Promoting Partnerships Enhancing collaboration and communication essential to facilitate brownfields cleanup and reuse.

Strengthening the Marketplace by providing financial and technical assistance to bolster the private market.

Sustaining Reuse Redeveloping brownfields to enhance a community's long-term quality of life. (http://www.epa.gov/swerosps/bf/basic_info.htm)
Area-Wide Planning Pilot Program
The grant funding and direct assistance (through Agency contract support) will result in an area-wide plan which will inform the assessment, cleanup and reuse of Brownfield properties and promote area-wide revitalization.

Assessment Grants
Assessment grants provide funding for a grant recipient to inventory, characterize, assess, and conduct planning and community involvement related to brown field sites.

Revolving Loan Fund Grants
The purpose of Revolving Loan Fund Grants is to enable States, political subdivisions, and Indian tribes to make low interest loans to carryout cleanup activities at Brownfield properties.

Cleanup Grants
Cleanup grants provide funding for a grant recipient to carry out cleanup activities at Brownfield sites.

Multi-Purpose Pilot Grants
The EPA is piloting a new grant program that will provide a single grant to an eligible entity for both assessment and cleanup work at a specific Brownfield site owned by the applicant. Grants Funding for
Brownfield's Redevelopment $6.8 Million in Recovery Act Funds for Brownfields Environmental Job Training
Fourteen communities in eight states will share $6.8 million in Brownfields Job Training Grants geared toward cleaning up contaminated properties and turning them into productive community assets.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, under its Brownfields Program is awarding grants of up to $500,000 each to eligible governmental entities and non-profit organizations.

The grants will teach environmental assessment and cleanup job skills to individuals living in areas near brownfields sites in California, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Missouri, New York, Ohio, and Washington The American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act of 2009 will
provide $100 million to the EPA
Brownfields Program, for clean up,
revitalization, and sustainable reuse
of contaminated properties.

The funds will be awarded to eligible entities through:
Job training
Assessment
Revolving loan fund
Cleanup Grants.

Communities in 55 state or local governments will receive $55 million in supplemental funding for Brownfields revolving loan fund grants to help communities carry out: cleanup activities, redevelopment projects, create jobs. Brownfields Program Activities
Under the Recovery Act
-Grants & Funds- This Article explores the impact of a Brownfield redevelopment
initiative in the State of Michigan as well as the responsibilities of
other entities in the redevelopment process.

Michigan has been aggressive with environmental programs.

Have implemented a number of environmental programs through
legislature and executive order to promote Brownfield development.

The cornerstone of any urban revitalization strategy must be an aggressive
Brownfield program.

With the clean up efforts, Brownfield has been made attractive by:
reforming cleanup laws
Offering Tax Credits
Low Interest Loans to the Community

(Consumers Renaissance Redevelopment Corporation [CRRC], 1998a, p.3) Cleaning Up the Mess:
Redevelopment of Urban Brownfields
Full transcript