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Copy of Expressionism and Berkoff
Transcript of Copy of Expressionism and Berkoff
and Berkoff This heritage rejected twentieth century realism, choosing blatant theatricality over subtle nuance. Such directors bridged the divide between modernism and what was to become post-modernism, evolving into, what Annette Lust calls post-modern mime. She cites Berkoff's mentor Jaques Le Coq as key to this development and describes chief characteristics of "post-modern mime" in her book From Greek Mimes to Marcel Marceau and Beyond (2000). Lust describes sixteen specific traits; Berkoff's work fits every one of her descriptions, including
There is a recycling or new use of existing forms no longer regarded as separate arts. For example, the frequent crossbreeding with other art forms -- such as dance, music, performance art, circus, puppetry, film, and pictorial art -- creates an artistic pluralism that is not necessarily integrated but offers a new vitality.(111) FORM AND STUCTURE VIOLENCE IS OFTEN A KEY THEME AS IS HUMAN CONFLICT. THE PLAYS OFTEN CHALLENGE SOCIAL TABOOS. find a moment from METAMORPHOSIS which highlights each of these themes THEY CAN BE DREAM LIKE IN FORM AND STRUCTURE HOW METAMORPHOSIS THE AUDIENCE AND HOW THIS LINKS TO IT POST MODERN FEATURES HIGHLY EMOTIVE, PHYSICAL. THE ACTORS ARE OFTEN MADE TO LOOK GAUNT., HAUNTED, GHOST/DREAM LIKE DESIGN ELEMENTS NATURALISM WAS AVOIDED WITH LIGHTING/SOUND USED SYMBOLICALLY. STRONG COLOURS, STARK CONTRASTS, ASYMMETRY. Berkoff stands against NATURALISM is in equal proportion to his adoption of expressionist techniques, particularly in the staging and the various languages in his play, find a moment from Metamorphosis THE ATMOSPHERE ON STAGE IS OFTEN NIGHTMARISH. SHAODWY, DISTORTED, FREQUENT BOUTS OF SILENCE DISJOINTED STRUCTURE, OFTEN BROKEN INTO HEADLINED MOMENTS OF ACTION; EACH COULD STAND ALONE. If you had to have headings to summarise Metamorphosis what would they be? CHARACTERS ARE NAMED TO BECOME REPRESENTATIONS OR STEREOTYPES i.e. 'the man' UNUSUAL, NON NATURALISTIC DIALOGUE SUCH AS LONG MONOLOGUES OR SHORT UNCONNECTED STATEMENTS. find an example of each in METAMORPHOSIS. MAKING THE ACTING OVERT, EXTERNALISING THE EMOTIONS. Perform a daily routine focusing on over emotion Watch the Trial
Write down as many techniques
you can see in the Trail. Why is this Post Modern?
Create a scene that you are getting ready for school. Your scene must be able to have a sound associated with it, in that there must be a sound that the group can make at the result of what you say. Create a tracking sheet of the structure.
What do you notice about the structure of the play?
What is different from the Caretaker? HOMEWORK
HOT SEAT BERKOFF
ABOUT METAMORPHOSIS HOW METAMORPHOSIS CHALLENGES THE AUDIENCE AND HOW THIS LIKS TO IT POST MODERN FEATURES:
Artaud's theater of cruelty - recycling
Risky content - response Starter activity
Create a three minute version of Metamorphosis, highlighting the key moment in the play. In the style of TOTAL THEATRE:
WHAT ARE THE KEY ELEMENTS? 1. PHYSICALITY
6. TALK TO THE AUDIENCE
7. LACK OF INTERACTION
8. REPLACEMENT OF PROPS
9. HIERATIC NARRATION
10. sOUNDSCAPE 1. How is Metamorphosis considered Post Modern
2. Artaud's theatre of cruelty - recycling
3. Risky content - response to mental distress during 1969 was poor.
4. Anti- modern - rhythmic language and physical theatre usage.
5. Realistic content - security of income poss threat - high v's low art
6. Recycling of techniques - soliloquys, mime.
7. Inter-textuality - odd phrases taken from Kafka's novella fur muff lines etc.
8. Iconic figures - power of father, loving sister, etc.
9. Blurring boundaries - accessible language in accessible situation