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Copy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Transcript of Copy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
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Hiroshima & Nagasaki
A-Bombs For Peace?
-New kind of weapon, the atomic bomb had enormous explosive power that came from the splitting, or fusion, of the atomic nuclei in plutonium
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
At A Glance...
Hiroshima, Japan was attacked Monday, August
6 1945 by the Americans as retaliation for destruction of Pearl Harbor.
Three days later- August 9- Nagasaki, Japan was also bombed by the USA
- Dropped by B-29 Bomber named Enola Gay
- Equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT
-5000 times hotter than the Sun
- Plane had to be altered to fit the bomb
- Exploded like a sledge hammer
-Made with radioactive isotope of Uranium (235)
-August 6 1945
-Wiped out 90% of the city (100,000 died)
-World's first Atomic Bomb
- Monday August 9
-Last major act of WW2
-Japanese surrender within days of Nagasaki
-Not the primary target
-An area of 2.3 miles by 1.9 miles was destroyed
-The terrain was hilly and therefore sheltered some of the blast
- horrific injuries were suffered at both cities
- "Fat Man"
-Carried by "Bockscar"
-Used Plutonium (239)
-Weighed about 10,000 lbs
-10.5 ft. by 5ft in diameter
-Explosive capacity of about 20,000 tons
-Blast was bigger than Little Boy's
-dropped 500 meters above the ground
-Crew signed the bomb
Radiation sickness is illness and symptoms resulting from excessive
exposure to ionizing radiation.
ex. the dropping of an Atomic Bomb
What is it?
ten to fifteen days after:
-loss of hair
-loss of white blood cells (used to fight disease)
Thousands of people died throughout many months after the bombing
Sadako Moriyama, a survivor, said that, "She had gone to a bomb shelter when the sirens sounded. After the bombing had gone off, she saw what she had thought were two large lizards crawling into the shelter she was in, only to realize that they were human beings whose bodies had been shredded of their skin because of the bomb blast."
- total death toll at least 135,000 plus at least 200,000 thhat died from radiation
- those still alive *had loss of skin
*Loss of limbs
*Religious values destroyed
- Millions of dollars used to rebuild the destroyed buildings
- Millions dollars in damage done
- Air changed (not 100% clean for thousands of years)
-US gained bad reputation
- Thousands killed in blast and later by radiation poisoning
- US and UK solders killed as well
- World introduced to atomic bombs
-found and gave Uranium to the USA
How Did it Affect the World?
- Reputation of the US
- Nuclear power- Russia and the US nuclear arms race years later
- WW11 ended days after the dropping of "Fat Man"
1. What year were the bombs "Little Boy" and "Fat Man" dropped?
2. Which Japanese city was bombed?
A) Pearl Harbor
3. How many days after the destruction of Hiroshima did the bombing of Nagasaki happen?
A) 3 days
B) 30 days
C) 1 day
D) 5 days