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The Development of the Alphabet
Transcript of The Development of the Alphabet
-Upper Paleolithic Period of the
Pleistocene period. Cave Paintings may have began in the
Aurignacion Period. Paintings were drawn in
red ochre, yellow ochre,
manganese oxide and charcoal.
They believed they were drawn
by Cro-Magnon Shamans while
under the influence of drugs. Drawings usually depicted
large game such as: aurochs,
bison and deer. approx. 10,000 b.c. -Prehistoric - Neolithic Period "Images incised on
rocks." -The oldest petroglyphs are dated
around 12,000 to 10,000 years Nazca Lines - created by Nazca's
around 200 b.c and 600 a.d Nazca lines run about 53 miles across Nazca towns located in Peru. symbols that represents a concept, object, plan, activity or event by illustration. basis of cuneiform and hieroglyphs. - used by various cultures around 9,000 b.c graphical symbol that represents ideas rather than a group of letters. single grapheme that
represents a word or a
morpheme. each symbol/letter primarily
represents a sound or a combination
of sounds. over 5,000 years ago -created by Sumerians as a way to accounting for the receipt and distribution of resources. -contained a combination of logographic, alphabetic, and ideographic elements. -first consonantal alphabet-
also known as, Proto-Sinaitic
continues the Proto-Canaanite Alphabet -The cro-magnons were also known as cavemen. "Cave Paintings"
Geoglyphs "Drawings on the ground" Designed by arranging clasts
such as: stones, stone fragments, gravel or earth. Phoenician Alphabet mid 11th century 3100 BCE to 400 CE Hieroglyphs can be categorized into three types of glyphs: Ideograms (Determinatives), logographs and
representing morphemes. 1900 BCE to 1100 BCE Proto Sinaitic evolved... The Sinai were influenced by Egypt.
they borrowed random glyphs from them
and gave them a consonant instead of
adopting its phonetic quality 1100 BCE to 300 CE letter shapes became more abstract and linear many branches came from this such as Phoenician, like Hebrew, Greek, and Aramaic Credits http://www.citrinitas.com/history_of_viscom/rockandcaves.html http://www.ancientscripts.com/protosinaitic.html Cuneiform Image-www.unf.edu/classes/freshmancore/core1images/ Hieroglyph Image-http://icias.com/e.o/hieroglyphs.htm