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Context Clues

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Sandy Wood Bairfield

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Context Clues

What are they and How can they help me? Context Clues LPR4 Predict the meaning of the highlighted word: People use all sorts of conveyances. Now, try it again. Predict the meaning of the highlighted word: People use all sorts of conveyances, such as cars, bicycles, airplanes and boats. Now, try a second one. What does the highlighted word mean? Jim Bob went through a metamorphosis ; it was so complete that we barely recognized him. Discuss definitions with your partner. Are you having to guess at its meaning? That’s because there are no context clues to support it. It was much easier to figure out the meaning this time, wasn't it? “Conveyances” must mean transportation. That's because there are context clues to help you out. Use LPR4 as a useful aid for figuring out unknown words in context. Discuss definitions with your partner. Did you predict that metamorphosis means something like "change" or "transformation"? Look - before, at, and after the new word. Look for examples, synonyms, definitions, antonyms, contrasts, or additional sentences with elaboration. Predict - quickly predict the word's meaning, remembering that a wrong prediction is often a good start Reason - think more carefully about the word's meaning, trying to be as precise as the context clues permit Resolve - recognize that you may need to take other steps (e.g., look it up, ask someone) Redo ­ go through the steps again if necessary Now, complete the practice on your handout. Read the sentence, looking at, before, and after the new word. Predict the meaning. Reason through the context clues. Resolve the meaning and type of context clues used. People use all sorts of conveyances. People use all sorts of conveyances. Share your predictions. Replace - put your predicted word(s) in place of the unknown word to see if it would make sense. LPR4 is a mnemonic that stands for... Look
Predict
Replace
Reason
Resolve
Redo Jim Bob went through a metamorphosis ; it was so complete that we barely recognized him. Replace the new word with your predictions. What are Context Clues? Textbook writers use words that will be new to their student readers. So they often include other words or phrases to help with the understanding of the new word. These words or phrases are referred to as context clues. They are built into the sentences around the difficult word. If you become more aware of the words around the difficult words you encounter in your reading, you will save your self many trips to the dictionary. You will be able to make logical guesses about the meanings of many words. Think of it like this: some authors "leak" information on the page and it sometimes requires detective work to "solve" word meanings. Looking at the context clues helps you learn new words and better understand what you read. There are 4 types of context clues: 2. Synonyms and Definitions 3. Antonyms and Contrasts 4. "sense" of the sentence and/or elaboration 1. Examples
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