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Morocco

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by

Claudia Ertzinger

on 4 May 2015

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Transcript of Morocco

Morocco
Marrakesh
Rabat
Casablanca
Facts and Figures
Capital:

Rabat
Largest city:
Casablanca
Official Languages:
Arabic and Berber, (French)
Religion:
Sunni Islam
Government:
Constitutional Monarchy with King Mohammed VI
Area:

446,550 km²
Population:
33,848,242 people
Currency:
Moroccan Dirham (Exchange Rate 1€ : 10.7 MAD)

Map and Climate
Statistics
Agadir
Mausoleum of Mohammed V
Rue de Consul
Hassan Tower
Kasbah des Oudayas
Chellah
Hassan II Mosque
Old Medina of Casablanca
Place Mohammed V
Cathedral du Sacre Coeur
Djeema el Fna
Bahia Palace
Majorelle Gardens
Dar si said - Museum
Atlas Mountains
Modern City Centre
Agadir Beach
Birds Valley - Zoo
Resorts
History Overview
- the region has experienced waves of invaders including Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, and Byzantines
- in 702 the Berbers finally submitted to the armies of Islam and adopted Islam -> for many years Berber dynasties developed
- by the mid of 18th century Europe was taking a great interest in Morocco as a stretegic position, especially France
- Treaty of Fez in 1912 made Morocco a French and Spanish protectorate
- in the 1920s the Berbers of Morocco rebelled against French and Spanish authority -> was not successful
- in 1953 France deposed the nationalist leader and sultan Mohammed V -> nationalist and religious groups called for his return -> France capitulated and Mohammed V returned in 1955
- on 2 March 1956 French Morocco gained independence
- Spanish Morocco gained independence in April 1956.
- Morocco became a constitutional monarchy in 1977.

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