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Geography LEDC Presentation
Transcript of Geography LEDC Presentation
Why is Nigeria classified as a less economically developed nation ? "Nigeria Map References." - Geography. N.p., 2012. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. Improvements in Nigeria. Facts: The country has 37 states.
Population of 162.5 million people.
Land area: 910,771 sq km, Total area: 923,768 sq km.
HDI (Human Development Index) is 0.459.
34% of the country has poverty. Over the past few years, Nigeria has been a developing country as they have had their life expectancy rate increase from 45.5 to 51.9 years and their HDI (Human Development Index) increase from 0.429 to 0.459. They also had their infant mortality rate decrease from 91.54 (2011) to 74.36 (2012). In the last five years Nigeria had major problems in basic education, but due to gains provided by debt relief, the government launched 74,000 new teachers in primary schools and boosted the skills of 400,000 serving teachers. Why Nigeria is a developing country. "Basic Facts about Nigeria." Http://www.nigeriatoday.com/basic_facts_about_nigeria.htm. 2003. "HDI values and rank changes in the 2011 Human Development Report." Http://hdrstats.undp.org/images/explanations/NGA.pdf. "Nigeria Infant mortality rate." - Demographics. 2013. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://www.indexmundi.com/nigeria/infant_mortality_rate.html>. Nigeria is a developing country because the country includes poor infrastructure and bad governance. They are ranked 156th in the HDI rank which means that they are placed in the low human development group.
Nigeria is a developing country as 34% of the population is living under the poverty line and less than 30% of Nigerians have access to safe drinking water. 15% of Nigerian roads are in good shape. "Water Crisis." Http://www.ylda.org.hk/gym2011/Nigeria_PP.pdf. Features in the country. There is no efficient public transport system so most people go by individual cars and fumes from the cars exhaust causes pollution which can therefore produce acid rain in further terms. Oil exploration has caused pollution of the water waste, the soil and the air. Between the years 2004 and 2007, there were three oil spills in the Niger Delta because of shell, which destroyed resident livelihoods. Fishes died as a result of the spill making it difficult for people to eat and feed their children. Due to that children cannot afford to go to school and the death rate continues to increase in Nigeria. Other Features in the country Deforestation is another serious problem in the country occurring at a rate of 3.3% per year. Since 1990, the country lost 36% of it's forest cover. Deforestation results from road building projects and as it continues, it make the soil get loose which means when it rains the soil will be washed away. High rate in poverty in the country has resulted in corruption as the people have low income from their jobs. "Niger Delta oil spills: Nigerian villagers sue Shell over pollution." GlobalPost. 2013. 14 Jan. 2013 <http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/africa/nigeria/121011/niger-delta-oil-spills-nigerian-villagers-sue-shell-over>. Images of listed features. Network, Simon Allison for Daily Maverick, part of the Guardian Africa. "Nigeria: How to lose $35bn." The Guardian. 13 Nov. 2012. Guardian News and Media. 15 Jan. 2013 <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/nov/13/nigeria-oil-corruption-ridabu>. "Deforestation." Deforestation. 15 Jan. 2013 <http://www.martinfrost.ws/htmlfiles/april2008/deforestation.html>.