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The Evolution Of Democracy

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Olivia Pomajba

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of The Evolution Of Democracy

Olivia
Pomajba The Code of King Hammurabi King John I:
Magna Carta The Declaration Of The Rights Of Man John Locke: Concerning
Civil Government Every citizen of the United States has the right to vote, no matter what color their skin is, what countries they've previously lived in, or previous condition of servitude (i.e. slavery). The government can't deny any citizen the right to vote. Contains laws and legal decisions governing daily life in the kingdom of Babylon. This code is based on the principle of action and equal disciplinary reaction; retaliation. For example, "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth [...] If he breaks another man's bone, break his own bone." Magna Carta was forced onto the King of England in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect his subjects' privileges. The charter states that no free man can be punished unless the law has a valid reason to punish him. Nobody, including the king or law maker, is above the law. Leaders must have the best interest of the nation's citizens involved. You have the freedom to do whatever you want to do unless it injures others, which is otherwise punishable by law. Fair punishment for actions against the law. This Charter emphasizes a society based on natural rights and contract theory, and that a man's rights are life, liberty and property. In this work John Locke gives citizens a theory of natural law and natural rights which he uses to tell the difference between legitimate and dishonest civil governments. Amendment XV to the US Constitution The
Evolution
of
Democracy 1772 BC The Code of King Hammurabi is a vital stepping stone to present day democracy because it was one of the first written laws in the world. It is an example of Rule Of Law, because the Code states that all citizens are bound by the law, which is also made public by being placed in a relatively central location. 1215 This charter clearly exemplifies the Rule of Law, stating that no person, no matter what title they may have, is above the law. These laws are made public and are in the interest of citizens. This was the beginning of the pillar of Freedoms, because with this charter the king or ruler had less authority and the citizens had more freedoms 1789 1689 The Declaration is a stepping stone in the evolution of Democracy because it conveys the purpose of government is to protect and promote natural, human rights; states that all men are born free and equal; guarantees the rights of freedom, laws should be in the best interest of the community and that the people are independent. This is a great foundation for the pillar of Freedom and Equality, and also is the start of the pillar of Common Good. 1870 New Zealand: Election Act 1893 Gave women the right to vote. After the official status was given to this act, it inspired the rest of the world to fight for the rights of women and equality in their own countries. The fifth amendment was an important stepping
stone in the evolution of democracy because it
ensured American citizens their right to vote
could not be tainted by any factors. This was
a huge leap in the pillar of Equality; each citizen
as given a vote in
the election, and in the pillar of Participation; so all Americans had the opportunity to vote, and the pillar of Freedoms; the freedom to vote and not have to worry about political discrimination. John Locke's Charter was the start of the pillar of Common Good; decisions made for the good of most people. The Two Treatises of Civil Government made sure that the people in charge of a democracy have good intentions in their plans for the citizens. It also built on the pillar of Freedom, allowing the citizens to make decisions on their own, and allowed them the opportunity to do certain things without having to worry about being punished by the law. A gigantic event in the pillar of Equality, The New Zealand Election Act made sure that all of their citizens had a vote in the election and the right to be treated equally, unbiased by their gender. Women were now treated equally when it came to having a say in government, their opinion was valued in an election. Female New Zealanders were considered equal in the event of an election, but
it took years for social equality for women. United Nations Universal Declaration Of Human Rights These 30 articles are a common standard of schievement for all citizens and nations. This declaration emphasizes everyone is free and equal, we all have rights and they are protected whereever we go. It does not tolerate biased judgement, invasion of privacy or property and discrimination. Why Stepping Stones? Stepping stones are an appropriate medium of representing the evolution of democracy because both are journeys. There was not one ruler who made up every single law to a idyllic democratic society, and stepping stones are just that; steps, not one gigantic leap and you're there. Each document, like stones, aid in the evolution to the democracy we enjoy today. Each leader, each revolution or political movement made a difference and helped in a different way towards democracy. Stones are rock solid, a safe point in rough waters, and the only really effective way to cross these unsafe waters. It's the same thing with these documents, the laws they contain is the only way to navigate a society in turmoil by having a constant reference point for citizens, which in time, someone will find a loop-hole in or abuse, and that's what eventually brings on a new document, or stepping stone. People who take present day democracy for granted don't realize the fights that earlier citizens had to go through to get the rights that we enjoyed today. 1945 This declaration was a huge step towards present day deomcracy because it is constantly referred to around the world and The Guinness Book of Records describes it as the "Most Translated Document" in the world. It has influenced most national constitutions of the world since it's been published. The Declaration reflects each pillar: Rule of Law, each person has the right to a fair and public trial (10) and to be treated equal by the law (6); Common Good, everyone must respect the rights of others (29) and the "social order" of the community (28); Equality, everyone has the right to go to school (26) and get married (16); Freedoms, everyone has the right to travel how they wish (13) and everyone is free (1) and Participation, everyone has the right to help choose and take part in the government of their country (21) and join associations in a peaceful way (20). In my opinion, this is the MOST important stepping stone because these rights apply to all people. The little numbers in brackets are the article that piece of information comes from, referring to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights European Member States 1952-1958 This was the union of all Sovereign states in Europe. It highlighted a democratic, free government and respect for the Rule Of Law. Before being allowed to join the EU, a state must fulfill the economic and political conditions. This stepping stone was important to present day democracy because it supports the protection and improvement of human health, disaster prevention, culture and humanitarian aid, all in the pillar of Common Good. This is the final step towards present day democracy, but there are still several steps to come to acheive ideal democracy. Babylon England England France United States Of America New Zealand France Europe
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