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An introduction

Stephen Griffin

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Constructivism

Knowledge and ways of knowing?


Do 'things' exist independently of us?
Does 'knowledge of a thing' exist independently of us? CONSTRUCTIVISM
What is knowledge?
Where does it exist? Ways of Knowing 1

An objective reality
Researcher and researched are separate
Truth as correspondence between research account and what is independent of the researcher Ways of Knowing 2
Reality as a mind construction
Interaction between researcher and researched creates findings
Truth as consensus between informed and sophisticated constructors Piaget on Knowledge (Bringuier, 1980)
Knowledge is an interaction between subject and object
Knowledge…is a perpetual construction made by exchanges between…thought and its object
Knowledge…isn't a copy of reality…it's a reconstitution of reality by the concepts of the subject, who, progressively and with all kinds of experimental probes, approaches the object without ever attaining it in itself.
A constructivist typology (Kanuka and Anderson, 1999)

There is an external reality
Knowledge is negotiated through conversation and conversation, in turn, is the external reality Situated Constructivism
Knowledge is constructed socially, though everyone has different social experiences resulting in multiple realities.
Cognitive Constructivism
Knowledge is an external reality that is constructed through internal conflicts within the individual.
Radical Constructivism
Knowledge is constructed individually, based on an individual’s unique experiences; there is no one objective reality.
Knowledge is constructed individually
Social Knowledge is
constructed socially
There multiple realities

Knowledge is not something we acquire, but something we produce, the objects in an area of enquiry are not there to be discovered, but are invented or constructed. Constructivist learning
Knowledge is not acquired but produced through a process of active involvement by the learner(s) in building understanding and making sense of information Piaget?

Do we invent meanings or knowledge? Vygotsky? http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/index.htm In what ways do the ideas of Rousseau, Dewey and AS Neill complement constructivist thinking on education? Dewey? http://www.ilt.columbia.edu/publications/dewey.html Bibliography
Bringuier, J.C., Conversations with Jean Piaget, The University of Chicago Press (1980)
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