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Legacies of the American Revolution

Tindall & Shi, Chapter 6
by

Marjorie Kuzminski

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of Legacies of the American Revolution

Political Revolution Military Activism translated to Political Activism
Citizen Participation
"Democratic trends of suffrage requirements" (185) Slavery
Colonies halted importation of slaves (except GA; SC reinstated it)
Emancipation laws in northern states
Increased free black populations
Vocabulary word: "manumission" Social Implications Practically speaking, new opportunities because of war
Legally, status generally unchanged Women Religion Transition from toleration of religious dissent
to freedom of religion and separation of church and state
Anglican Church: associated with Crown
"Pluralistic and voluntary rather than monolithic and state-supported" (189)
1786 Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom Legacies of the
American Revolutionary War
Highlights from Tindall & Shi, Chapter 6 April 1775: Minutemen and Redcoats at Lexington & Concord
June 1775: Bunker Hill (Breed's Hill)
September 1776: British occupy New York
December 1776: George Washington crosses Delaware River
June 1777: Flag Revolution (not a big deal til next war)
Sept/Oct 1777: Battles of Saratoga
December 1777: Start of Valley Forge winter
February 1778: French Alliance
June 1779: Spain declares war on Great Britain
October 1781: Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown
1783: Treaty of Paris Chronological Highlights Britain negotiated peace treaty without consulting native allies

Ceded all native territory west of Appalachians to Mississippi River to U.S. (Proclamation Line no longer in existence)

Native Americans resentful; hostilities continue sporadically; British will attempt to capitalize on this in next war Legacy with Native Americans 25,000 Americans died during active military service
8,000 from battle
17,000 from disease and starvation, including deplorable POW conditions, especially on British prison ships in New York Legacy of Casualties In France: debt crisis contributed to French Revolution
In U.S.: needed to solve debt and currency problems; lead to 1790s Alexander Hamilton / First Bank of US Financial Legacy Development of government started at state level

Idea of SOCIAL CONTRACT and POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY informed framework of state governments and written constitutions

Features: elected governors, separation of powers (safeguard), bill of rights Government Sent to states 1777; formally ratified 1781
replaced 1789

Central government with little authority

Not a legislature or soverign; a "plural executive" (183) Articles of Confederation
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