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Past, Current and Emerging Technologies

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Trevor Tan

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Past, Current and Emerging Technologies

Media Orb Techno-Scoop of Fame Time Machine Past, Current and Emerging Technologies - Apple's Ipod (2001)
- Phone Tooth (2002
- Virtual Keyboard (2002)
- Intel Express Chipsets (2004)
- Youtube (2005)
- Sixth Sense, computer interface (2009) 21st Century 1600-1650 1651-1699 1700-1750 1751-1799 1800-1850 1851-1899 1900-1950 1951-1999 - Hans Lippershey invents the first efracting telescope (1608)
- Blaise Pascal invents an adding machine (1642) - James Gregory invents the first reflecting telescope (1663)
- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz invents a calculating machine (1671)
- Christian Huygens patents the pocket watch (1675) - French C. Hopffer patents the fire extinguisher (1722)
- Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the first mercury thermometer (1724)
- John Kay invents the flying shuttle (1733) - John Campbell invents the sextant (1757)
- Dolland invents a chromatic lens (1758)
- David Bushnell invents a submarine (1776)
- Louis Sebastien demonstrates the first parachute (1783)
- Alessandro Volta invents the battery (1799) - Humphry Davy invents the first electric light - the first arc lamp (1809)
- Rene Laennec invents the stethoscope (1819)
- William Sturgeon invents the electromagnet (1825)
- American, W.A. Burt invents a typewriter (1829)
- Charles Babbage invents a mechanical calculator (1835)
- Samuel Morse invents the telegraph (1837)
- Samuel Morse invents Morse Code (1838) - Hamilton Smith patents the rotary washing machine (1858)
- Elisha Otis patents elevator safety brakes, creating a safer elevator (1861)
- Alfred Nobel invents dynamite (1866)
- Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone (1876)
- David Houston patents the roll film for cameras (1881)
- Jesse W. Reno invents the escalator (1891) - John Larsen invented the lie detector (1921)
- American, Paul Galvin invents the car radio (1929)
- Analog computer invented by Vannevar Bush at MIT in Boston (1930)
- Karl Jansky invents the radio telescope (1932)
- Chester F. Carlson invents the photocopier (1937)
- John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry built the first electronic digital computer (1942) - Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce both invent the microchip (1959)
- Audio Cassette invented (1962)
- Video disc invented (1963)
- Compact disc invented by James Russel (1965)
- The arpanet (first internet) invented (1969)
- Floppy Disk invented by Alan Shugart
- Cell phones invented (1979) - CD-ROM invented (1984)
- Windows program invented by Microsoft (1985)
- First 3D video game invented (1987)
- HD Television invented (1989)
- World Wide Web, HTTP and HTML created by Tim Berners-Lee (1990)
- DVD invented (1995) - Apple's Ipod (2001)
- Phone Tooth (2002)
- Virtual Keyboard (2002)
- Intel Express Chipsets (2004)
- Youtube (2005)
- Sixth Sense, computer interface (2009) 1951-1999 [Continued] Past Technologies Gramophone The gramophone is an antique record player. First development was made in 1857 when Leon Scott patented the phonautograph which graphically recorded sound. 20 Years later in 1877, Thomas Edison created the Gramophone, which was capable of recording and replaying the sound. This invention allowed a widespread of music and is the first device for reording and replaying sound, however, the device itself is large and requires frequent tuning, as well as the large compact disc it uses for Abacus An abacus is a counting frame for calculations primarily used in parts of Asia. The use of the abacus dates back to around 300 B.C. and was mistaken to be a gaming board. The abacus can calculate larger numbers faster and easier, but it is complex to use and impossible to use for more difficult calculations. Cassette Deck It is a type of tape recorder for playing or recording audio compact cassettes. It was introduced in 1963 by the Philips Corporation for portable voice recording and playback use. The cassette deck is easy to record and playback, having a larger capacity (in those days), but with the exception of poor quality and navigation. Typewriter A typewriter is a mechanical device with keys that, when pressed, cause characters to be printed on a medium, usually paper. A patent for such a machine was produced around 1714, showing the main concepts of the typewriter. From there, developments for the typewriter began. This device produced writing faster and neater, but it can spill easily and having the keys stuck frequently. Current Technologies Smartphones A smartphone is a mobile phone built on a mobile operating system, with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than a feature phone. Developments for such types of phones began in 1973, but further advanced features and evolvement of normal cell phones occurred in the past decade and is widely popular nowadays. Smartphones provide a variety of applications for a diverse purpose, having huge availability due to high productivity and relatively cheaper cost. However, many health issues have been associated with the phones and it is feared that it may take over physical social conversations. Mobile Broadband It is a wireless Internet access through a portable modem or other mobile devices. In 2002, the Mobile Broadband Wireless Access working group was established and its growth has resulted in the widely used Internet from a variety of devices. Mobile broadband provides quick and easy access to internet, but the range in location is limited and there may be network problems. Autonomous Car An autonomous car is a self-driving vehicle capable of fulfilling the human transportation abilities of a traditional cards. At the 1939 World's Fair, it demonstrated a similar concept of autonomous cars. After major improvements regarding factors of safety, comfort and driver friendly, new cars have equipped itself with autonomous qualities. This technology allows everyone to use a car without needing to learn the skills, but if that's the case, future generations won't know how to drive a car when everyone use autonomous cars. Right now, it is only usable on roads as it can't recognise other types of ground. Video Game Consoles A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer that produces a video display signal used with a display device to play a video game. The first generation video game consoles appeared in 1950, despite having crashes in the late 70s and early 80s, they have now made up 75% of the world's gaming market. Consoles are a great asset to entertainment and can improve body co-ordination and reaction, though the demand for newer with greater experience games is a problem as well as related health issues. Emerging Technologies Artificial Brain Artificial brain is the development in software and hardware to simulate the human's or animal's brain. The aims to such complex bio-technology is to cure several diseases (for example Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease) and to create machinery which can operate according to human behaviour, solving technical problems without the use of an expert. This emerging technology is thought to be available after 2050. Although it is still in development, it is limited to certain uses, while it has the potential to venture into many other areas. Space Transport Space transport is the use of any machinery to transport people or cargo through the vast area in space. The advancements in the ability to send people (not just astronomers) to space include a safer, easier and faster method than the current space crafts. An example is the space elevator, which uses a ribbon-like cable anchored to the surface of the Earth and extending to outer space. Such concepts have been debated in 1895 by scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. Although it allows objects to transcend into space, scientists have identified that the pressure in the elevator is unsuitable for living things, omitting us from using it. To operate a spacecraft uses many resources, which causes concern in areas like cost and sustainability of our environment. There are still many blank spaces in technology... So What Will You Invent? Charles Babbage Charles designed the Difference Engine in the 1820s and the Analytical Engine in 1834. His designs featured everything needed for a computer but it was too advanced in those days that decades later, his work was finally appreciated. Herman Hollerith Herman developed a device which could code data numerically, creating tabulating machines that allowed faster processing of data. His work used Babbage's hole punching system which he used for censuses, the area where he worked in. Her greatest contribution was her work on Charles Babbage's analytical engine, being recognised as the world's first programmer. Ada's main work was designing machines that could calculate a variety of things, one being to find out winning numbers in gambling, which weren't successful. She had a great imagination to produce wonders, and her first use of algorithms is very memorable. Ada Lovelace John Napier John Napier is the founder of logarithms, used in computing and astronomy, which is his main work. He dedicated his life in explaining his great discovery in two books. In one of his books, he also modified the decimal notation, which is also a great discovery Blaise Pascal Blaise is mostly known in his development of theories in maths and science. His main computing work was his research on calculating machines, creating the mechanical calculator with 3 years of hard effort. Steve Jobs Steve is an inspirational developer, being widely recognised as the co-founder of Apple. His many designs of computers and handheld devices started a whole new revolution, opening new opportunities for technology to grow. Grace Hopper Grace was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer. She is also the first ever person to develop the compiler for a computer programming language. She often uses the term "debugging", familiarising the word, spreading it widely. Bill Gates Bill Gates co-founded Microsoft, the world's largest personal computer software company. Through the company, Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Office was created, and is still widely used around the world despite being developed 25 years ago. John von Neumann John was head of the project 'Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer', where it has a memory that is able to store data and instructions. After this success, he assisted scientists and he constructed applications for computers. Edgar F. Codd Edgar was a computer scientist who worked for IBM, and managed to contribute to the computing technology throughout his years. His major work is the relational model for database management, a very influential theory of data management. He then went on to write the twelve laws of online analytical processing. For another video: www(.)youtube(.)com/watch?v=Mmz5qYbKsvM
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