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Polyester and Nylon
Transcript of Polyester and Nylon
- A synthetic polymer, a plastic, invented by Wallace Carothers
- silky material first used in nylon bristled toothbrush Nylon Polyester fiber uses: - Apparel: most forms of clothing
- Home furnishings: carpets, curtains, draperies, sheets and pillow cases and upholstery
- Other uses: hoses, ropes and nets, thread, sails Advantages of Polyester - excellent wrinkle resistance
- resistant to abrasion
- dries quickly
- blends well with other fibers Use of Polyester - 100% blends for shirts, pants, suits
- sheets, tablecloths, fiber fill in parkas and comforters
- since polyester can be made into almost any shape, insulating properties can be built into the fiber (ex. hallow fibers): by: Paigey and Ally - one of the most widely used manufactured fibers
- this fiber is used alone or blended with many fibers, especially cotton
- polyester include natural occurring chemicals such as the cutin of plant cuticles Polyester fibers Disadvantages of Polyester - absorbs oily stains
- low absorbency of moisture - this process traps air inside fiber which is heated by the body
- warm air stays inside and warms the body in cold weather Production of Polyester Uses of Nylon - stockings
- toothbrush bristles
- fishing lines
- carpet fiber
- airbag fiber
- parachutes Production of Nylon - made by forcing molten nylon through very small holes in a device called a spinneret
- the streams of nylon harden into filament once they come in contact with air.
- they are then wound on bobbins Care of Nylon - machine washed in cold water
- wash separately from other garments
- Advantages - strong & elastic
- easy to wash
- dries quickly
- retains its shape Disadvantages - may yellow or grey
- heat sensitive
- low moisture absorbency WHY?? WHY?? Polyester Care - easily washed
- needs little or no pressing Bibliography -http://textiles.indianetzone.com/1/nylon.htm - http://web.utk.edu/~mse/Textiles/Nylon%20fibers.htm -http://www.fibersource.com/f-tutor/polyester.htm -http://www.swicofil.com/pes.html