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teaching the visual media

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by

Esther Peze

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of teaching the visual media

* functions  horizontal
 vertical
* indexes: left out in the simplified version Barthes simplified illustration of the original text
replacement of the original text
testing of the understanding of the original text (compare and contrast)
intensification of the understanding of the original text Objectives Instance responsible for the merging of image and sound focalisors.
Auditive: external/internal, voice-over, dialogues voices, music
Visual: external/internal, images, text
Sometimes image and sound may seem not to work together Cinematographic narrator Natural or artificial light
hard or diffused
Full of contrast or soft
Light sources can or cannot be seen
One or more sources
Is the source part of the film reality or studio light
Where does the light come from Light Means related to the use of the camera:
distance of the camera from the people/objects filmed
angle of the camera
movement of the camera
framing with the camera
speed of the images
Visual quality of the image
Sharpness of the image
structure of the image Cinematographic Means Showing or Telling Robert takes Colin and Mary to a bar.
Compare contrast novel/film
Discussion horizontal functions
Discussion vertical functions Example 2 Colin and Mary stroll out of their hotel and have their picture taken.
Compare contrast novel/film
Discussion horizontal functions
Discussion vertical functions Example 1 Analysis Film
Analysis Novel
Filmadaptation Application Roland Barthes (1966) : narrative grammar
In text evrything has a meaning: « le sens n’est pas ‘au bout’ du récit, il le traverse » - “meaning is not to be found ‘at the end’ of the story but runs right through it” Back to the theory Bekijk de volgende personages en bespreek hun kenmerken (zowel uiterlijk als qua karakter) in de film en in de roman.
Joba
Dreverhaven
Katadreuffe Personages Beschouw de vertelstructuur en het vertelperspectief van Karakter. Welke problemen doen zich voor bij het bewerken van de roman naar een filmscenario?
Welke keuzes zou jij maken?
Welke keuzes heeft Mike van Diem gemaakt? Vertelstructuur en vertelperspectief Discussion of the choices made in the use of cinematographic means (setting, stging, use of colour, representation characters), the scenario and how these realte to the original text.
Some examples: Intensification Why use film in your literature classes (see comfort of strangers first meeting with Robert) Image focalisor voices
Natural sounds
Sound effects
music

Sounds can be diegetic (part of the film reality) or non-diegetic (outside the film reality) Sound Use of space
movement
Costumes and props
Lighting and use of colours Staging extreme close-up: detail of a face
close-up: face
medium shot: approximately from the thighs upwards
medium long shot: complete person, a few people, limited space
long shot: many people, a house, part of a street or landscape
extreme long shot: crowds in the streets, broad landscape Distance of the camera Plot : the film narration as seen by the viewer, the combination of narrative elements in the film as shown. This may consist of flashbacks, flash forwards, repetition, etc.).
Story (history): the reconstruction of all events within a story that we, as an audience, place in chronological order within our minds, including ‘blank spaces’. Narrative Structure Spoken text is important and can have 2 functions:

The dialogue gives us information (about the development of the plot, the characters, their emotions, the relationship between characters)
The dialogue can express feeling or create an atmosphere (the way of speaking: loud/soft/ nervous; through differences in pitch, sound and rythm) Dialogues Where does the story take place
When does the story take place
Who are present (people, animals, objects)
What are they doing in what way (behaviour, actions, movements)
What are they doing things with (objects, props)
Why are they doing things (motives, fears, dreams)
The separate parts:


Film is a story told in images and sounds. Narratological Elements 1. Choose a (crucial) scene from the novel.
2. Choose one of the characters from whose point of view you are going to tell the story.
3. Create a storyboard. Draw and desrcribe what you are going to show and how you are going to show it. Where is the camera? Who can we see? What are they doing? What can we hear? Dialogues, other sounds?
optional:
4. Make the one-minute movie. Making your own 1-minute movie External focalisor (narrator)
Internal focalisor (from a character’s perspective) Sound focalisor There are always people or things in a certain space.
How we interpret the personality and function of people is determined for a large part byhow they look.
We may also see text (text related to the story but not part of the story (non-diegetic) or text that is part of the story (diegetic), like the titel of a book or the text on a poster. What we see Vertical (indicative)
Functions
Psychological information,
Information characters, atmosphere, etc.
Core element is being. narrative functions in novel/film Showing or Telling Showing or Telling Showing or Telling


Film is a story told in images and sounds. Narratological Elements Where does the story take place
When does the story take place
Who are present (people, animals, objects)
What are they doing in what way (behaviour, actions, movements)
What are they doing things with (objects, props)
Why are they doing things (motives, fears, dreams)
The separate parts: Spoken text is important and can have 2 functions:

The dialogue gives us information (about the development of the plot, the characters, their emotions, the relationship between characters)
The dialogue can express feeling or create an atmosphere (the way of speaking: loud/soft/ nervous; through differences in pitch, sound and rythm) Dialogues Plot : the film narration as seen by the viewer, the combination of narrative elements in the film as shown. This may consist of flashbacks, flash forwards, repetition, etc.).
Story (history): the reconstruction of all events within a story that we, as an audience, place in chronological order within our minds, including ‘blank spaces’. Narrative Structure Means related to the use of the camera:
distance of the camera from the people/objects filmed
angle of the camera
movement of the camera
framing with the camera
speed of the images
Visual quality of the image
Sharpness of the image
structure of the image Cinematographic Means
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