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Medieval African Kingdoms

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by

Patricia Thompson

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Medieval African Kingdoms

Mali
Songhai
The Tragic Decline and Fall of the Empires
Ghana
Cooking
Food Gathering
Clothing
Adornments
Music/ Dancing
Ceremonies
Different
People/Social Classes
Architecture
Griots
Local Economy
Royalty
Cooking
Food Gathering
Clothing
Adornments
Music/ Dancing
Ceremonies
Customs/ Traditions
Different
People/ Social Classes
Architecture
Griots
Local Economy
Royalty
Cooking
Food Gathering
Clothing
Adornments
Music/ Dancing
Ceremonies
Customs/ Traditions
Different
People/Social Classes
Architecture
Griots
Local Economy
Royalty
Ghana
Mali
Songhai
Customs/ Traditions
emphasis on hospitality, formality, and good manners
a widow is expected to marry the brother of her late husband, and the brother is expected to assume responsibility for any children
polygamy (multiple wives) is legal
slavery is a big part of society
there are three castes of Ghanian
society:
royals
commoners
slaves

women were mostly wives and mothers, with a few exceptions
roughly 100 linguistic and cultural groups were recorded in Ghana in the 1960s

locals lived in dome-shaped dwellings in the king's section of the city, surrounded by a great enclosure
traders lived in stone houses in a section that had 12 mosques
the king is said to have owned several mansions
how tombs were built:
-first a hut of wood was built
-then the body was placed inside, along with personal items, utensils, and servants
-then individuals would cover the hut with
and cloth
-then dirt would be thrown on until
it looked like a mound and a ditch
would be dug, granting access



there are different kinds of music in Ghana just like there is here in America. This is some music they like to listen to.
contemporary
the trans-Saharan gold trade greatly benefited Mali
some things that were traded:
-gold
-salt
-livestock
-rice
-sorghum
-slaves
-fish
-cowrie shells (introduced in the 14th century from the eastern coast as local currency)
-kola nuts
the coin of Timbuktu was made with gold
The Ghana empire was an important trading state in west Africa. Ghana became the center of trade, they traded grains, cattle, and metals. Camel caravans brought products from the arabic world all across the Saharan desert to Ghana. The camels brought salt and tools to Ghana.


The Ghana empire was an important trading state in west Africa. Ghana became the center of trade, they traded grains, cattle, and metals. Camel caravans brought products from the arabic world, all across the saharan
Medieval African Kingdoms
Full transcript