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Copy of AQA GCSE Geography- Tourism

Why has global tourism grown? Importance of tourism is to different countries. Managing tourism in the UK. Importance of National Parks in the UK. Mass tourism. Extreme environments.
by

Darren Steel

on 21 June 2013

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Transcript of Copy of AQA GCSE Geography- Tourism

Tourism
Growth in tourism
World's largest industry
In most countries, domestic tourism is four or five times greater than international tourism!
The tourism industry is one of the greatest providers of jobs and income in various countries
There are 3 factors which affect tourism's growth
Social and Economic factors
Families have become wealthier
Incomes are larger
Most families have 2 working parents
Fewer children in family (so less expensive)
Most people own a car
More leisure time
Holiday leave time has increased
Life expectancy has risen so more people retired
Good pensions and more time to travel
Improvements in technology
Travel is quick and easy e.g. more motorways, airports and faster aircraft
Flying has become cheaper and booking online is quick and easy
Expansion of holiday choice
Coastal resorts used to be popular in the 1950s and 1960s
During the 1970s, there was a decline in seaside holidays because of the competition from cheap package holidays abroard
Packages are now available world-wide offering a variety of sights and activities
Importance of tourism
in different countries

One of the best ways to earn foreign income, provide jobs and improve standards of living
Countries take advantage of tourists and the money they have to spend
The economic importance of tourism
The USA earns more than any other country from tourism, but has the third largest number of visitors. Europeans consider a holiday in the USA as more special than in Europe, so they are more likely to stay longer and spend more.
France has the most tourists and in 2007, it earned the largest amount of any nation from this source. This includes:
city breaks
holiday cottages
camping
skiing
China has high number of tourists and income. For many people, distance makes it too expensive to visit, but its variety of unusual landscapes and unique culture attracts people with time and money.
CASE STUDY: DUBAI
Located in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and neighbours Saudi Arabia
It's easily accessible from Europe, Asia and Africa, tourism in Dubai grows quickly
Around 2.8 million people visited in 2000
4.9 million in 2003
5.4 million in 2004
Numbers are predicted to reach 10 million by 2010
Dubai is famous for its duty-free shopping malls and reasonable prices
Sightseeing is popular e.g. the markets, zoos, dhow-building yards
Watersports and diving are popular too
Over 400 species of birds for bird-watching
Benefits of tourism in LEDCs
Locals are employed as waiters, souvenir shop assistants and tour guides
Foreign exchange is important for pooer countries to buy goods and services from abroad
Governments tax visitors to help pay for the extra services they use such as water, drainage, electricity and roads
Extra jobs created indirectly. Hotels buy some produce from locals to feed the visitors
Small businesses have been set up to serve the tourists. These include:
Bars
Restuarants
Builders and maintenance workers
Management of tourism in the UK
The Butler Tourist Model
Earns over £80 billion every year from tourism
The London Eye is the most visited paying attraction in the UK, with 3.7 million visitors each year
This model says that any resort starts on a small scal, develops into something more significant, then either goes into decline or rejuvenates
Full transcript