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Settler Colonialism an Overview

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Eve Tuck

on 12 April 2013

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Transcript of Settler Colonialism an Overview

The Settler Colonial Triad "Chattel" Slaves/Bringing in slaves in chains Chattel means property of the owner

Slaves were not allowed to own land

Labored on stolen Indigenous land

Bodies were valuable, but not the person

The person was seen as in excess of the body

The person was ownable, punishable, murderable

Prison industrial complex as extension of chattel slavery

Urban spaces/spaces with high concentration of people of color as sites of dispossession (Eradicating) Indigenous Peoples Settler colonialism wants Indigenous land, not Indigenous people

Indigenous people are cleared out of the way of colonial progress

Indigenous people made into savages

Story is that Indigenous people are extinct, disappeared, made into ghosts

Indigenous people are erased from valuable land The Settlers/Grabbing the land Settlers live on stolen land and make it their home

Implement their own laws and understandings of the world onto stolen land (not immigrants)

Make slaves and Indigenous peoples inhuman to get their labor and land

Settlers are not a particular group, are defined by their actions

Settler supremacy as the context for the invention of race How does settler colonialism get what it wants? It is a system, not an event in history
It denies the existence of Indigenous peoples and the legitimacy of claims to land
It denies the long lasting impacts of slavery
It continues to dispossess Indigenous peoples and Black peoples
It promotes white supremacy
It requires arrivants to participate as settlers
It "covers its tracks," (Verancini, 2011) Understanding settler colonialism helps us to see that racism is not human nature; it was invented to explain stealing land and stealing people for labor Settler colonialism covers its tracks The US Constitution guarantees rights to property owners

The notion of property is at the heart of law and recognition

Property and property owners are protected, not people But there are so many other ways to have relationships with land For Indigenous peoples... Land is curriculum

Land is relationship

Land is ancestor

Land is life It is about the land, who belongs, and who deserves to be here "Settler colonialism destroys to replace" (Wolfe, 2007) Settler colonialism wants Indigenous land

Settler colonialism turns Indigenous land into property by destroying Indigenous peoples

It turns chattel slaves into property by destroying the humanity of slaves What does settler
colonialism want? Referenced works
Much of what is described in this discussion of the settler colonial triad is introduced in an interview between Patrick Wolfe and J. Kehaulani Kauanui on Indigenous Politics: From Native New England and Beyond

copy and paste this link to listen http://www.indigenouspolitics.org/audiofiles/2010/Wolfe%20Settler%20Colonialism%202010.mp3

Wolfe, P. (2006). Settler colonialism and the elimination of the native, Journal of Genocide Research, 8:4, 387 - 409.

copy and paste this link to read
http://www.ipk-bonn.de/downloads/SettlerColonialismAndTheEliminationOfTheNative.pdf

Veracini, L. (2011). Introducing settler colonial studies. Settler Colonial Studies, 1, 1-12.

copy and paste this link to read
http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/settlercolonialstudies/article/view/239

See also Tuck, E. & Yang, K.W. (2012). Decolonization is not a metaphor. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education and Society, 1(1), 1-40.

copy and paste this link to read
http://decolonization.org/index.php/des/article/view/18630/15554 "The settlers who came arrived as permanent migrants. For indigenous peoples in these places this meant a different kind of experience with colonialism and different possibilities for decolonization," (Linda Tuhiwai Smith, Decolonizing Methodologies, 2012, p. 74). Chattel Slavery Occupying Indigenous land Settlement and replacement "Decolonization is further fraught because although the setter-native-slave triad structures settler colonialism, this does not mean that settler, native, and slave are analogs that can be used to describe corresponding identities, structural locations, worldviews, and behaviors. Nor do they mutually constitute one another. For example, Indigenous is an identity independent of the triad, and also an ascribed structural location within the triad. Chattel slave is an ascribed structural position, but not an identity. Settler describes a set of behaviors, as well as a structural location, but is eschewed as an identity," (Tuck & Yang, 2012, p. 7)
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