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Agrarian Relations and the Friar Lands

Cuevas, Enriquez and Ingan
by

Marichu Cuevas

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Agrarian Relations and the Friar Lands

Agrarian Relations and the Friar Lands Cuevas, Marichu
Enriquez, Edielyn
Ingan, Jose Lorenzo
Dec 1, 2011 land preconquest colonial period chinese mestizos Datu -Protector of the Barangay / Father

-Is the sole authority of the Barangay

-Has control over surplus resources

-Traded

-Owns the largest patch of land Society Society -Barangay
-Personal possessions are important
-Abundant resources
-Debt as not caused by poverty but as
lacking of resources for certain occasions;
paid in double
-Not a "family-based" community -Did not feel oppressed; In serving the Datu, they were serving themselves

-Gave “tributes” to the Datu from their own produce (buwis) People Friars -Owned lands donated to them by Spaniards and the native elites

-Replaced the role of Datu and babaylan

-Kept surplus produce People -Belief in suwerte, malas, kapalaran and sugal

-Excessive gambling that led to their peasantry

-Indios opted to work on monastic estates for pride and privilege Chinese Mestizos -Traders

-Leased farm lands from monastic estates

-Shared tenancy with indios

-Used sanglang-bili or pacto de retroventa to acquire more land -Related to the indios as if equal but, in reality, they were at a higher financial situation

-Did not cultivate the farm but has capital for production People (Indios) -Kasama of mestizos in cultivating the land
-Pawned his land for money for cockfighting and gambling
-Continued to loan from Mestizos (perpetual indebtedness)
-Chose to work with mestizos to "enjoy the benefits of unfolding era" ascendance of Society -Fear and reverence towards the Datu have diminished

-Natives were Catholicized

-Indios became peasants

-Law on debts: no more than 5pesos

-Indios' liberation from tradition Friar Estates -Friars imposed too high rents for the tenants

-They were exempted from government taxes

-They were still collecting tributes from the laborers Among these three periods, we have seen how land has been a MAJOR PLAYER on how Philippine societies run-
how it affects the relationship of each group with each other
(e.g friar-indio, mestizo-indio,datu-natives)
and
how the distribution of these lands reflects the shifting
of power and wealth among the people.
-Kasamahan system

-Agsa Tenants Land
Full transcript