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Agrarian Relations and the Friar Lands
Transcript of Agrarian Relations and the Friar Lands
Ingan, Jose Lorenzo
Dec 1, 2011 land preconquest colonial period chinese mestizos Datu -Protector of the Barangay / Father
-Is the sole authority of the Barangay
-Has control over surplus resources
-Owns the largest patch of land Society Society -Barangay
-Personal possessions are important
-Debt as not caused by poverty but as
lacking of resources for certain occasions;
paid in double
-Not a "family-based" community -Did not feel oppressed; In serving the Datu, they were serving themselves
-Gave “tributes” to the Datu from their own produce (buwis) People Friars -Owned lands donated to them by Spaniards and the native elites
-Replaced the role of Datu and babaylan
-Kept surplus produce People -Belief in suwerte, malas, kapalaran and sugal
-Excessive gambling that led to their peasantry
-Indios opted to work on monastic estates for pride and privilege Chinese Mestizos -Traders
-Leased farm lands from monastic estates
-Shared tenancy with indios
-Used sanglang-bili or pacto de retroventa to acquire more land -Related to the indios as if equal but, in reality, they were at a higher financial situation
-Did not cultivate the farm but has capital for production People (Indios) -Kasama of mestizos in cultivating the land
-Pawned his land for money for cockfighting and gambling
-Continued to loan from Mestizos (perpetual indebtedness)
-Chose to work with mestizos to "enjoy the benefits of unfolding era" ascendance of Society -Fear and reverence towards the Datu have diminished
-Natives were Catholicized
-Indios became peasants
-Law on debts: no more than 5pesos
-Indios' liberation from tradition Friar Estates -Friars imposed too high rents for the tenants
-They were exempted from government taxes
-They were still collecting tributes from the laborers Among these three periods, we have seen how land has been a MAJOR PLAYER on how Philippine societies run-
how it affects the relationship of each group with each other
(e.g friar-indio, mestizo-indio,datu-natives)
how the distribution of these lands reflects the shifting
of power and wealth among the people.
-Agsa Tenants Land