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Immigration Experiences: Ellis Island vs. Angel Island

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Transcript of Immigration Experiences: Ellis Island vs. Angel Island

Comparing: Ellis Island to Angel Island
Angel Island
West Coast counterpart to Ellis Island
Located in California
Opened 1910
served as processing center for tens of thousands of Asian Immigrants
mainly Chinese
Over 30% of arrivals at Angel Island were denied entry
Could be held for days, weeks, or even years
Had to prove family ties to family in the United States by official documentation.
Ellis Island
Located in New York
opened in 1892 & closed its doors in 1954
some 12 million immigrants first touched American soil there
usually rather quick process
from a matter of hrs. up to one day
Did not have to prove family relation (whether a family member already lives in the United States) to enter the U.S.
Only 2 % of newcomers were denied entry
Criminals, anarchists, or carriers of dangerous diseases such as tuberculosis or trauchoma
Old Irish Saying:
"I came to America because I heard the streets were paved with gold. When I got here, I found out three things. First, the streets weren't paved with gold, second they weren't paved at all, and third, I was expected to pave them."
Melting Pot
Melting Pot:
mixture of people of different cultures and races who blended together by abandoning their native languages and customs
The Gentlemen's Agreement
fears that led to anti-Chinese agitation
extended to Japanese & other Asian people in early 1900's

Local board in San Francisco, California (1906) segregated all Chinese, Japanese, & Korean Children
Places them in special Asian schools

Anti-American Riots in Japan as a result

President Theodore Roosevelt persuades San Francisco to withdraw segregation order
in exchange, under Gentlemen's Agreement (1907-1908) Japan's gov't agreed to limit emigration to the U.S.
Interpreting a Political Cartoon

Ethnic Communities:
A group of people that share a common space, language, and culture, that live together in a community.
Ethnic Communities
Chinatown (Manhattan)
Little Italy (Boston)
Nativism:
Obvious favoritism toward native-born Americans
- favored the interests of native-born Americans over immigrants
Nativism
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882):
banned entry to all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and gov't officials
Repealed in 1943
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
lifeline to new immigrants who hoped to retain some sense of ethnic cultural identity.
Provided neighborhood newspapers, churches, political groups, and saloons for socializing.
Activator: Monday, November 25, 2013
“If a country is having economic or political problems, the U.S. should allow that countries residents to come here in order to pursue a better life.”
Take-A-Stand
Take-A-Stand
“The American Dream is attainable by all Americans”
Between what years is the largest increase in the number of immigrants taking place.
Steerage
Ellis Island
http://www.history.com/videos/the-ellis-island-medical-inspection#the-ellis-island-medical-inspection
Using the Analyzing a Political Cartoon work sheet you picked up, analyze the following political cartoon.
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/thenews/thegov/story.php?id=16274&package_id=634
Zoom In Activity
Discussion Question:
The best way to limit/lower the tens of thousands of people sneaking into the U.S. each year is to build a fence across the 2,000 mile U.S.-Mexico Border.
Take-A-Stand
Do you Agree or disagree with the following statement?
The United States should adopt a policy similar to SB1070 in order to reduce the number of illegal immigrants living in the U.S.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement
Take-A-Stand
Do you Agree or Disagree with the following statement
In the article "My Life in the Shadows", Reyna Wences advoctes for the passage of the Dream Act, that would provide a provisional path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants who were brought here before the age of 16, have graduated from a U.S. high school, and have completed or are on course to complete at least 2 yrs. of college or military service
People who fit the Dream Act criteria should be allowed to become legal citizens.
Activator: Thursday, October 2, 2014
Take out your handout "The Industrial Revolution: Was It Worth It?

In your group, discuss with your group members why you do or do not believe that the advancements made during the Industrial Revolution outweigh the negative consequences.
Directions:

As you watch the video, listen and record any words that you hear that describe what the American dream is.
Think-Write-Pair-Share:

What is your American Dream and do you believe it is attainable? Why or why not?

What challenges might stand in your way from obtaining your American Dream?
Activator: October 3, 2014

In your opinion, is the American Dream attainable by all people? Why or why not?
Activator: Monday, October 6, 2014
Using the handout that you picked up when you walked in:


Answer the 3 activator questions.
Activator: Tuesday, October 6, 2014
Take out your analyzing a political cartoon w.s. from Tuesday.

Discuss in your group what you see and what you think it means.
def. fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners or of anything that is strange or foreign
Xenophobia
Activator: Friday, Oct. 10, 2014
Analyze the following image and answer the question(s) below.
1. Using the image above, write down what it means to emigrate.

2. Using the image above, write down what it means to immigrate

3. Is it possible to be both an emigrant and an immigrant? If so, how? If not, why not?
Activator: Tuesday, October 14, 2014
Signed into law in 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act significantly limited the number of Chinese immigrants that were allowed to enter the United States on the basis that they endangered the good order (economic structure) in certain areas.

In your opinion, are the motivations behind the Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 similar or different to the motivations behind SB1070. Be sure to explain your response.
Activator: Friday, Oct. 22, 2015
a. What are your initial reactions to the video you just viewed?

b. Did the video accurately portray what it is like to recite the pledge of allegiance? Why or why not?


How does the Pledge below differ from the one we recite on a daily basis?
I pledge allegiance to my flag and the Republic for which it stands—one Nation indivisible—with liberty and justice for all.

Full transcript