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Learning Theories Matrix

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Marcus Green

on 28 July 2011

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Transcript of Learning Theories Matrix

Learning Theories Martix Marcus Green
Walden Univeristy Dr. Shirley Weaver
EDUC 6115: Learning Theories and Instruction Behaviorist Theory How does learning occur?
Learning occurs through processes of response to stimuli that are observable. What factors influence learning? Reward and punishments What is the role of memory? According to behaviorism, the role of memory is not specifically addressed because memory is not observable. How does transfer occur? generalizations What types of learning are best explained by this theory? Drill and Practice Direct instruction Computer aided learning How is technology used for learning in your industry? Cognitive Theory How does learning occur? Old and new mental processes are connected in a meaningful way What factors influence learning? Learners thoughts beliefs, attitudes, values, and environmental conditions What is the role of memory? Occurs when information is stored in long terms memory. How does transfer occur? Transfer occurs when knowledge is
applied to a different contexts. What types of learning are best explained by this theory? Reasoning Problem-solving Information processing Discriminations Associations Chaining presented with conditions that involve same or related attribute How is technology used for learning in your industry? Computer Aided Learning Constructivist Theory How does learning occur? Through collaboration between learner and society How does transfer occur? Transfer occurs when leaners are involved in real world tasks with meaningful situations What is the role of memory? Memory is repetitively being constructed and reconstructed to address the connections through elaboration and interpretation of information. What types of learning are best explained by this theory? Theory is best explained by experienced learners where bias and misconceptions can be found, discussed, changed or taken away. How is technology used for learning in your industry? Collaborative Learning via Web 2.0 resources Situated Learning Discovery learning
Social Learning Theory How does learning occur? Learning occurs through observation, imitation, and modeling. What factors influence learning? Factors that influences learning are activity (practice), concept (knowledge), and culture (context) (Brown, Collins, & Duguid, 1989). What factors influence learning? Modeling influence learning Through What is the role of memory? Observed events are used as symbols to guide future behavior. How does transfer occur? Transfer occurs through imitation of actions and outcome of others. What types of learning are best explained by this theory? Guided Practice How is technology used for learning in your industry? Social networking sites can be used. Connectivism How does learning occur? Learning occurs when knowledge is a received when a learner connection with a learning social network. What factors influence learning? Diversity of networks and connections What is the role of memory? flexible patterns that are representative of existing state in networks How does transfer occur? transfer occurs by Connecting to nodes and growing the network. What types of learning are best explained by this theory? Complex learning with a rapid shifting core and diverse knowledge connections How is technology used for learning in your industry? Social network communities and Web 2.0 tools Adult Learning How does learning occur? Building on prior knowledge and experiences? What factors influence learning? Self-directed and principles of andragogy What is the role of memory? Learner-defined How does transfer occur? What types of learning are best explained by this theory? Action based learning self-directed learning project-based learning experiential learning How is technology used for learning in your industry? Online Learning
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