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The Irish Potato Famine

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arica taylor

on 13 May 2015

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Transcript of The Irish Potato Famine

The Irish Potato Famine
Need to know
Where: Ireland
When: 1845-1849
Victims: Irish Population (Rural poor)
Perpetrators: British Empire
Why: Crop failure was due to blight, a disease that kills potato plants.
Step one: Classification
Distinguishing an "us" and "them".
Two groups were the Irish and the British
Step two: Symbolization

We give names or symbols to the classification (often these names/symbols have underlying hatred).

Since the British were the enemy they gave many slurs to the Irish during this time. One in specific was "Soupers". This name lasted until the 1870's. Soupers was related to the people that ate from the soup kitchens that were made during the famine to provide for the poor.
Step three: Dehumanization
Penal Laws
Step four: Organization
Genocide is always organized, usually by the state, often using militias.
British Empire
Along with the British Empire enforcing the Penal Laws they also conqured Ireland several times. It resulted in the British giving large portions of the Irish land to Englishmen.
Step five: Polarization
Extremists drive the groups apart.
Reduction in land
British Policy reduced the amount of land avaliable to the Irish. This left them with lots of swamp and bog land. Thus leaving them with very little farm land. The only crops that would grow in bulk that would fit in such small land were potatoes.
Step six: Preparation
Victims are identified and separated out because of their identity.
32,000 Irish arrived in Boston
650,000 arrived in New York
Even with escaping from the hunger in their home country the treatment from the Americans was terrible. They would be refused work, publically humiliated, and treated barely better than colored people. (Ex. their remt would be $1.50/week for a 9x11 ft room with no light, ventilation, or water.)
Step seven: Extermination
Mass killings begin and end, resulting in mass casualties.
700,000 - 1,000,000 people died during the famine. 40-70 loads of Irish grown food would be shipped to the UK for their own food. It allowed Britian to charge their own people less money for food because so much was coming in. They also took their animals, this left them (the Irish) with a less than miminal food supply.
Step eight: Denial
The perpetrators of genocide dig up the mass graves, burn the bodies, try to cover up the evidence and intimidate the witness. Deny any committed crimes and blame what happened on the victims.
Malthusian Law
The Malthusian population says that the Irish people were hopeless and had to pay for their sins by starvation.

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