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Napoleon: Success and Failure
Transcript of Napoleon: Success and Failure
Napoleon's first major chance of success came after the Frenchies had their little revolution. During the revolution many officers with noble background were forced to go into exile. Napoleon quickly realized that that this was his chance to get into a position that would have been almost impossible to reach without this happening. In 1793, he was assigned as a Captain to an army attacking Toulon, a naval base that was in revolt against the French by the Corsicans and British forces. Napoleon took over the perfect land where his guns could drive the Brits away from the harbor and Toulon fell. As a result he was promoted to Brigadier General at the age of 24. This gave him recognition in the new government of France. The Italian Campaign
Just a couple days after marriage, Bonaparte left to Paris to take command of the Army of Italy. He led it on to a successful invasion of Italy.
At the battle of Lodi he crushed Austrian forces and drove them from Lombardy. He was defeated at Caldiero by Austrian reinforcements though Napoleon regained the initiative at the Battle of the Bridge of Arcole and proceeded to take the Papal States.
In March 1797, Napoleon led his army into Austria and forced it to negotiate peace. The treaty of Leoben gave France control of most of northern Italy and the low countries. A secret clause in the treaty promised the Republic of Venice to Austria. Napoleon later marched on to Venice and forced its surrender. Reasons for all this success were varied. Napoleon’s application of conventional military ideas to real-world situations affected his military wins. An example of this was his use of artillery as a mobile force to support his infantry.
He used the great emperor Caesar as inspiration,
“ I have fought sixty battles and I have learned nothing which I did not know at the beginning. Look at Caesar, he fought the first like it was his last.”- Napoleon Bonaparte
He was adept at espionage and deception and could win battles by his concealment of troop deployments and concentration of his forces on the 'hinge' of an enemy's weakened front. Napoleon Successes and Failures Success Failures Russia Numbers vary, but some say that Napoleon invaded Russia with as many as 600,000 men in his grand Imperial Army. Out of that army, only 70,000 returned from the barren lands of the Tsar. Even with all of the Empire's armanments and soldiers, Napoleon couldn't defeat Mother Nature, and he was totally unprepared for the harsh and bitter Russian winter. Waterloo Napoleon dramatically underestimated his foes at the Battle of Waterloo. Fighting against a combined force of British and Prussian soldiers, Napoleon was even outnumbered. A lack of communication between Napoleon and his generals, and the firmness of the British infantry all contributed to the last downfall of Napoleon. From here, he was exiled to Saint Helena where he died in 1821.