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Design Movements Timeline
Transcript of Design Movements Timeline
The Arts and Crafts aesthetic movement took place in Britain and America. Although it took place between 1850 and 1915 it hit its peak between 1880 and 1910. It influenced things like garden design, architecture and decorative arts among other things. William Morris, Charles Robert Ashbee, T.J. Cobden Sanderson and Walter Crane. Some people during this movement decided to abandon all machinery and turn towards handcraft.
Art Nouveau, meaning "new art" in French, is a design style known worldwide. Hitting its peak early 20th century it was a very stylized, flowing type of art often including floral pattens. Art Nouveau sculptures are usually made from glass and wrought iron. Art Nouveau branches into many different types of design including jewelery, architecture, interior design and textiles.
Arts and Crafts
Surrealism was a trend that began in the mid-1920s. It encouraged designers to think outside the box. Designers would aim to intrigue and excite the users by designing objects that were outside of normality. Each design had a surprise, something different wacky or weird about it.
Streamlining was a later type of art deco design. Its architectural style used lots of curves and long horizontal lines. It hit its peak in 1937. It was often used to design products such as sewing machines, electic clocks, small radio receivers and hoovers.
Bauhaus is the more widely known term for Staatliches Bauhaus which was an art and architecture school operated between 1919 and 1933 in Germany. The style of design taught at the school changed so many times in the 14 years it was operational that it is hard to give an example of it however it had a massive influence on future art.
Emerging in the 1950s in the countries of Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland, Scandinavian Modern promotes a simple, minimalistic but yet stylish approach to design while keeping production costs low. It is still very popular in the modern design market, a big part of this popularity is down to IKEA which allows people all over the world easy access to Scandinavian furniture
Organic Design was a style of architecture in which the architect would be influenced from the shapes in nature such as trees, rocks etc. buildings like 'fallingwater' (pictured above, the home of architect Frank Llyod Wright) were designed to harmonize with surroundings. Other examples include the Sydney opera house and the works of designers Alvar Aalto and Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
Minimalism is when products are stripped down to only fundamental or important features. This is used across many forms of art and design. Minimalist design takes a lot of influence from japanese architecture and design. Developing in New York, Minimalism used simplistic, geometric shapes. The style has been described as calming but others feel it is cold and unwelcoming.
Postmodernism was a movement birthed from modernism. Beginning as an architectural style that aimed to improve on the blandness of modernism. When Postmodernists made a return to decoration and products the style was very abstract but still functional. Although first emerging in 1978 it came into its own in the 1980s and often had extremely symbolic clues worked into it.
Modernists were more realistic in their designs. They believed that, because of new technology, old styles of building were not relevant anymore. The design did not involve decorative motifs and preferred to emphasize the materials used. Modernists used regular, geometric shapes in their design. The designs would be sleek, simple with minimal clutter, interiors were often open plan. Modernism took place between 1880 and 1940
Futurism was the first design movement to be managed like a business. It was very forward-thinking movement and embraced technological progress. Futurism embraced all aspects of art and designs and was highly influenced by italian life. Futurism was involved with everything from painting to architecture. It took place between 1910 and 1945.
Popular between 1920 and 1939 Art deco influenced things such as fashion, film and industrial design. At the time it was seen as glamorous, elegant and functional. It was a fusion of many different movements ; constructivism, cubism, modernism, bauhaus, art nouveau and futurism. It was ultra-modern at the time.
Heralded as one of the major art movements of th 20th century, Pop Art was inspired by topics such as advertising and comic books. It was highly influential in the furniture, graphic design and products at the time. Designs would be bright, colourful and full of character. Products would make use of a lot more plastics than in other movements.
Pop art eventually branched out into industries like music, film, fashion and art and design.
Beginning in 1981, Memphis was a group of furniture and product designers based in Milan, Italy. Their work dominated the scene of the early 1980s. Drawing from existing and past movements Memphis products were very bold. Often considered as a branch of postmodernism, the memphis group's design were bright, colourful and shocking. Described as tasteful, the memphis group's design were ground-breaking at the time