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Ancient India

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jacob richardson

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Ancient India

by Jacob Richardson Ancient India Ancient India is located in Asia at the southern corner next to the Bay Of Bengal. Around 5,000 years ago, ancient India's first civilization developed on the Indus River Floodplain. Location The settlements of ancient India covered a region which is today part of northwestern India, Afganistan, and Pakistan. place On the banks of the Indus river, ancient India used it's environment for a lot of things. They farmed coffee beans and raised silk worms. They had huge rice farms made and paper out of Bamboo. HEI There were many small republics in ancient India. The king (raja) was the head of the legislative, executive and judiciary branches. He was assisted by officials who gave him advice. Final decisions were left to the king. The government in India was very harsh. If a person committed a crime against the emperor, he or she would get their limbs cut off and would would be dipped in a bath of wine. Most people in India tried not to make eye contact with the emperor. Government Movement Ancient India was a land of extremes. The terrain was varied. Occasional extremes of weather such as droughts and monsoons were part of life in this region. Civilizations developed among rivers, mountains, plains and deserts. Region Religion The religion of ancient India was Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism: The worlds oldest living religion. Hindus believe nature isn't confined to the body or mind. The spirit of God is in everything we see.
Buddhism: Founded by Siddhartha Gautama, 566-480 BC. Buddhism doesn't include the idea of worshiping a creator god, nothing is permanent, actions have consequences and suffering lay at the end of all existence. Ancient Indians traveled and moved in caravans. During the "Golden Age" (4th century BC) the Khyber Pass became a key trade and migration route between India and China. It saw the movement of thousands of people and goods. India had very good pluming, and water systems. Villages were protected from bandits and raids with local military squads, there was free medical care. Criminals were fined for their crimes. rewards were given to writers, artists, and scholars to encourage production. Public Works At the top of the social class were the brahmins, decendents of priests. They advised the ruling class. The ruling class was based on bloodlines, power and wealth. Then there was the warrior class, followed by the commoners (merchant) class, followed by the peasants and finally the slaves.
Rich emperors could command a peasant or slave to hunt a tiger with their bare hands. social classes Jobs in ancient India included farming, fishing, hunting and building. Paper was soon made from bamboo and silk was produced during the "Golden Age". Builders built brick houses and paved the streets. Farmers domesticated animals like buffalo and goats. Traders traded with the middle east and artists made pottery and carvings. job specialization Over four thousand of years ago, in the Indus valley, people built huge planned cities with straight streets, brick homes, and private baths. Their drainage systems, wells and water storage systems were the most sophisticated in the world at the time. cities Art and Architecture India specialized in pottery and sculptures and paintings. with iron and copper. Writing One of the earliest known writing systems came from around 2500 B.C. The writing was in pictographs like egyptian hieroglyphs. Bibliography 1. Basics of Buddhism. PBS, n.d. web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/edens/thailand/buddhism.htm>. 2. Gupta Dynasty. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/>. 3.The Gupta Empire of India. Historybits|History|Bits of History. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.historybits.com/>. bibliography 4. Hinduism:Background, Basic Beliefs and Sacred Texts." URI Kids::World Religions. N.p.,n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.uri.org/kids/world_hind_basi.htm>. 5. "India the Classical Age." Grupta Empire in India, Art in the Gupta Empire, Indian History - India. N.p.,n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.indianchild.com/gupta_empire.htm>.
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