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Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)
Transcript of Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)
At 5 years old, he was sent to England to live with a couple, who provided the service of taking care of the children of English nationals in India. He hated it.
The Holloways (foster family) didn't allow him to read, which developed his interest for reading books and writing.
Returns to India in 1882 at the age of 16, where he found a job with a local newspaper
Wrote for the Civil and Military Gazette in Lahore, India as an assistant editor
Always loved to write poems and stories during his spare time
The Jungle Book (1894)
Historical events/ Imperialism
Adulthood and inspiration
Works and quotes
"Schoolboy Lyrics": letters he sent to his father in India.
(1890): a tribute poem to Leander Starr Jameson in the style of paternal advice to the poet's son.
"Just So Stories"
(1902): a series of highly fantasized origin stories about different animals.
(1901): set in India, which is still under British rule, after the Second Afghan war. It tells the story of Kimball O'Hara, an orphan.
(1910): a poem which tells from the point of view of a British soldier in India describing an Indian water bearer.
"If history were taught in the form of stories, it would never be forgotten."
The White Man's Burden 1899
Mowgli, a young boy, is captured by Shere Khan, a dangerous and fierce tiger from the Indian jungle. He is rescued by a family of wolves who then raise him. He befriends Baloo, a bear and Bagheer a black panther. Throughout the story goes on about the conflicts between Mowgli and Shere Khan, his adventures with his two friends, and his struggles of trying to survive in the jungle.
Kipling was viewed as an extreme imperialist
The novel became very popular
People appreciated its morals
Kipling bases Mowgli on his own childhood experiences.
Kipling shows that our civilization is far from perfect and can still evolve. The Jungle Book is a metaphor on how humans are undisciplined.
He believes that humans (British) are more powerful and dominating than other animals (Indians) and are more fit to survive.
Uses the principles of Social Darwinism, survival of the fittest
The jungle book is a metaphor of the 19th century imperialism of India (nature and animals= India Mowgli/Humans=British)
December 30, 1865 – January 18, 1936 (70 years old)
Born Joseph Rudyard Kipling
Earned name from place of parents’ marriage, Rudyard Lake in Rudyard, Staffordshire, England
Born in Bombay, British India ( India)
Poet, novelist, writer, journalist
Famous for The Jungle Book (1894) and The White Man’s Burden (1899)
Died in the small village of Burwash, Essex
January 18, 1892 married to Carrie Balestier, which he later had two kids with
First to use Cockney dialect in serious poetry
1907, awarded with the Nobel Peace in Literature
First Englishman and the youngest to grab the Nobel Peace Prize
Suffered from insomnia. At night he would roam the streets of Lahore, India for inspirations and ideas
In Lahore, he wrote articles for a newspaper called the
Civil and Military Gazette
Moved to the United States while writing articles for
These articles were later compiled and published in From Sea to Sea and Other Sketches, Letters of Travel.
Married Carrie Balestier in 1892
His daughter dies at the age of 6
The British Empire was expanding during the late 18th century.
The British disrespected Indian culture and religion
Led to the Sepoy Rebellion
Ghandi (1869-1948) was an inspiration for the Indians
When the poem was published during the period of imperialism, colonization was a big factor in expansion and power. The poem encouraged America to join in the imperialist movement. Pear's Soap was associated with The White Man's Burden because it was considered a soap that clean off the color and turn the native inhabitants white.
Imperialism for humanitarian ideals.
Spreading of racism.