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C2 - PREHISTORY

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CSMA SOCIAL STUDIES

on 8 September 2014

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Transcript of C2 - PREHISTORY

CULTURE
EARLY HUMAN MIGRATION
1.6000.000 - 10.000 BC
HISTORY OF THE EARTH
AND HUMAN EVOLUTION
4 BILLION YEARS AGO TO TODAY
TIMELINE OF PLANET EARTH
Answer questions 1 and 2 from the map in page 10 from your book

CULTURE AND CIVILIZATION
Objective: To understand the differences between culture and civilization
PREHISTORY
TIMELINE OF HUMAN EVOLUTION
4 million years ago to today
h
Homo sapiens
200000 - today

Our species co-existed with Neanderthals and other humanoid species. Yet, we are the only ones who still exist. The main reason:Adaptability

"The emergence of a large brain, with complex connectivity among neurons, suggests that the brain itself is an organ of adaptability. It allows us to take in information about the environment, organize, form social alliances, and raise the probability of survival in difficult times. "



http://discovermagazine.com/2011/evolution/23-how-we-won-the-hominid-wars
LUCY

Oldest hominid found to date.

Discovered in 1974 by Mary Leakey.

Lucy is estimated to have lived 3.2 million years ago
HUMAN MIGRATION
http://my.hrw.com/ss_2012/hs_whist12/eactivities/Animation/whs05_01_10.html
What is it?
Way of life of a group of people
It helps unify people
How do we learn about culture?
OBSERVING AND IMITATING
TAUGHT BY SOCIETY
OBJECTIVE: To explain the beginnings of human evolution and the first human communities
CIVILIZATION
What is it?
The process by which a society or place reaches a stage of social development and organization.

What are its characteristics?
(1) advanced cities,
(2) specialized workers,
(3) complex institutions,
(4) record keeping,
(5) advanced technology
Activity
Answer questions 1 and 2 from page 21 from the book.

Use the information in the chart and the next two pages about Ur in Summer.
PALEOLITHIC AGE/ STONE AGE
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION
Objective: TO DESCRIBE THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION
NOMADS: a person with no home, who moves from place to place to obtain food

HUNTER GATHERERS

animals fruits/seeds/vegetables

TOOLS: Made from stone, wood, bone for many different uses.

ART: Made using materials like charcoal, mud, seashells, and expressed by cave art, accessories, etc.



NEOLITHIC AGE / NEW STONE AGE
TRANSITION FROM

HUNTING/GATHERING TO AGRICULTURE AND SETTLEMENT


FARMING METHODS: SLASH AND BURN FARMING

DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS

VILLAGES

CENTERS OF AGRICULTURE
2.6 million BC - 10.000 BC
10.000 BC - 4.000 BC
Africa: Nile River Valley
Products: wheat, barley, and other crops.

Mesopotamia: Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Products: wheat, grapes.

India: Indus River Valley
Products: cotton

China: Huang He (Yellow River), Chang Jiang River
Products: millet, wild rice.


Mexico and Central America: Humid rainforests,
Products: corn, beans, and squash.


Peru: Highlands, mountains.
Products: tomatoes, sweet potatoes, and white potatoes.
http://my.hrw.com/ss_2012/hs_whist12/eactivities/Animation/whs05_01_17.html
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS FROM PAGE 17 IN YOUR NOTEBOOK
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