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Victor R. (Solar System)

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Yorba Student

on 23 October 2014

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Transcript of Victor R. (Solar System)

Mercury is the closest planet to the sun
Because is so close to the sun, Mercury's surface
temperature can reach scorching 840 degrees
F (450C).
As close to the sun Mercury is, ice may exist in its
Venus is the second planet from the sun
The Earth and Venus are very similar in size with only a 638 km difference in diameter, Venus having 81.5% of the Earth’s mass. Both also have a central core, a molten mantle and a crust.
Venus is often called the Earth’s sister planet
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and is the largest of the terrestrial planets
This has the effect of lengthening our days, but it happens so slowly that it could be as much as 140 million years before the length of a day will have increased to 25 hours.
The Earth was formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago and is the only known planet to support life
The Sun is an almost perfect sphere with a difference of just 10km in diameter between the poles and the equator
If a hollow Sun was filled up with spherical Earths then around 960,000 would fit inside
On the other hand if these Earths were squished inside with no wasted space then around 1,300,000 would fit inside
Even though Mars has only has 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass, around two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered in water
As of September 2014 there have been 40 missions to Mars, including orbiters, landers and rovers but not counting flybys
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun

The planet Jupiter is the fifth planet out from the Sun, and is two and a half times more massive than all the other planets in the solar system combined
From our point of view on Earth, it appears to move slowly in the sky, taking months to move from one constellation to another
They are made primarily of ammonia crystals, sulfur, and mixtures of the two compounds
It is the fifth brightest object in the solar system and is also easily studied through binoculars or a small telescope
Its polar diameter is 90% of its equatorial diameter, this is due to its low density and fast rotation
The top layers are mostly ammonia ice
The sun
It’s not visible to the naked eye, and became the first planet discovered with the use of a telescope
At first Herschel thought it was a comet, but several years later it was confirmed as a planet
It is too dim to have been seen by the ancients
This gas giant planet may have formed much closer to the Sun in early solar system history before migrating to its present position.
Its position was determined using mathematical predictions. It was named after the Roman god of the sea
During some parts of its orbit one or the other of its poles point directly at the Sun and get about 42 years of direct sunlight
Pluto is the only dwarf planet to once have been considered a major planet
This is when the IAU form the definition of a planet as “A planet is a celestial body that (a) is in orbit around the Sun
For the 76 years between Pluto being discovered and the time it was reclassified as a dwarf planet it completed under a third of its orbit around the Sun
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