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Chapter 4 The Nature
Transcript of Chapter 4 The Nature
The Nature, Characteristics, and types of society
Represent a geographical aggregate which has boundaries, a form of government , and a common culture .It is a manner or condition in which members of the community live together for mutual benefit.
Characteristics of Society
Members live and work together for mutual benefit. Group as well as individual ends can be achieved only through collective, and collaborative manner or team work.
National or Cultural Identity
Members of society share a common culture which enables them to follow patterns of action for harmonious existence with others.
Members use a common language to communicate with one another
Society is an economic, social, and industrial organization.
It is the largest social unit.
Members live in a definite
Ability to sustain membership
It has the ability to endure, produce, and sustain sustain several generation of members.
Aside from the above characteristics, the New World Encyclopedia adds that:
1. Members of society have a common goal that binds them together.
2. Members Have a primary means of subsistence.
Types Of Society
Hunting,Fishing, and gathering society
This is one of the earliest forms of human society .It is characterized by subsistence economies that rarely produce surplus. Anthropologist estimate that men hunted for food at least one million years ago. People survived by searching and gathering food and by a small game of hunting wild animals.
This society is believed to have existed 12,000 to 15,000 years ago .It gave way to the first breakthrough in subsistence economy , which was development of agriculture
there are two distinct approaches to horticulture namely :
a. subsistence farming producing enough food to feed the group and
b. surplus farming producing surpluses that are culturally valued
Types of Society
This type of society depends on herding and domestication of animals for food and clothing.Animals provide milk , fuel, sheared fur, and even blood.
This society existed about 5,000 to 6,000 years ago , when a second agricultural revolution occurred doubling and redoubling the efficiency of food production through better technology
The advent of industrialization in Europe some 200 years ago brought about the third major revolution in production.The substitution of mechanical, electrical and fossil-fuel energy for human and animal labor caused an explosive growth in productivity , not only of goods but also of knowledge and technology
depends on special knowledge to bring about continuing progress in technology
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Fatimah M. Barcelon
Charlene Judy Ann H. Docena