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Reforms in the Victorian Age
Transcript of Reforms in the Victorian Age
REFORM ACT (1832)
It abolished rotten Boroughs. The Act granted seats in the House of Common to large cities that sprang up during the Industrial Revolution and took away seats from the “rotten boroughs” (with very small population). It extended the vote to all members of the middle class.
THE FACTORY ACT (1833)
It prevented children from being employed more than 48 hours a week and no person under 18 could work more than 69 hours a week.
THE POOR LAW AMENDMENT ACT (1834)
It refused outdoor relief to those people who could not support themselves by admitting them to a workhouse. It ensured that poor were housed in workhouses clothed and fed.
MINES ACT (1842)
It prohibited all females and boys under 10 years old from working underground in coalmines.
TEN HOURS BILL (1847)
It restricted the working hours of women and children in factories to 10 hours a day.
The Victorian Era starts in 1830 with the accession of Queen Victoria to the throne. In this constitutional monarchy the Whigs succeeded in making laws, which kept them in power and avoided political revolution.
In the Victorian Age we've got on one hand a period of progress, in fact there were great social reforms but on the other hand this period was characterized by poverty, injustice and social problems. This era is also characterized by outstanding scientific and technological development
It assured the inspection of mines to protect the men working in them.
COAL MINES INSPECTION ACT (1850)
THE FIRST PUBLIC HEALTH ACT(1848)
It focused on the sanitary condition that makes houses and sanitation better. For the first time the State became guarantor of standards of health and environmental quality.
THE SECOND REFORM ACT (1867)
It granted the vote to all householders in the boroughs as well as lodgers who paid rent of £10 a year or more. It reduced the property threshold in the counties and gave the vote to agricultural landowners and tenants with very small amounts of land.
CHIMNEY SWEEPS ACT (1875)
It required sweeps to be licensed and made it the duty of the police to enforce all previous legislation.
THIRD REFORM ACT (1884)
It extended the right to vote to agricultural workers.
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION ACT (1891)
The Fee Grant Act made elementary education free of charge.