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"The Raven" by: Edgar Allan Poe
Transcript of "The Raven" by: Edgar Allan Poe
Lines 1-2 "Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,"
The poem starts when the speaker tells us an anecdote. He starts by explaining us the readers, that he felt exhausted and weak. All this was happening while he was awake during midnight. Lines 3-4 "While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door."
As the speaker starts to fall asleep (because he is tired an exhausted), he is awaked by a a peculiar and "tapping" sound. "'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door - Only this, and nothing more."
The speaker does not worry too much about the noise because it is a "visitor" and "nothing more" Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December, And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
He is describing how cold the time was. The speaker is describing the setting of the cold December. Eagerly I wished the morrow; - vainly I had sought to borrow From my books surcease of sorrow - sorrow for the lost Lenore -
Te speaker reads a book so that he could take his mind off "Leonore". At this moment, we do not fully know who she is. Maybe, "Leonor" could be his dog, wife, lover, soul mate, etc. Lines 7-8 Lines 5-6 Lines 9-10 Lines 13-14 Lines 11-12 Lines 15-18 For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore - Nameless here for evermore.
We now know that "Leonor" has passed away because the angels called her so she could go to heaven. We figure out that his love is no longer with him, and he feels like if he has lost a great part of him. So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating, "'Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door - Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door; - This it is, and nothing more."
The speaker repeats to himself that the noise which is constantly being heard is only "a visitor entreating entrance" at his chamber door. When the speaker says it a second time to himself, it ads some sort of feeling that he is trying to calm himself by tricking his mind that it is a visitor and "nothing more". And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain Thrilled me - filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before;
A new kind of atomspere is introduced, one of terror and suspense. Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer, "Sir," said I, "or Madam, truly your forgiveness I implore;
Curious on what was happening, the speaker went to see who was in his house by vainly begging the "Sir or Madam" to leave him alone. Lines 19-20 Lines 21-24 But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping, And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door, That I scarce was sure I heard you"- here I opened wide the door; - Darkness there, and nothing more.
The speaker built up courage to ask for the "sir or madam's imploration" (imploration: mercy) and by not getting a response, he opened the champer door. To his surprise, there was only darkness and "nothing more".
“Deep into the darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before;”
In my opinion this two sentences mean that he is in the middle of a nightmare that contains horrors that no other person would imagine. Lines 25-26 Lines 27-28 Lines 29-30 Lines 31-32 Lines 33-34 Lines 35-36 Lines 37-38 Lines 39-40 Lines 41-42 Lines 43-44 Lines 45-46 Lines 47-48
“But the silence was unbroken, and the darkness gave no token, and the only word there spoken was the whispered word, `Lenore!’”
I think that in these two sentences he is speaking about the complete darkness and that in the middle of a profound silence a name “Lenore” was mentioned.
“This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word, `Lenore!’ Merely this and nothing more!”
I think that in this sentences he whispered “Lenore” and the only response that he received was the echo of what he said and there is nothing more than silence.
“Back into the chambers turning, all my soul within me burning, Soon again I heard a tapping somewhat louder than before.”
What I think he is trying to say is that everything was extremely silent and he felt his sole was burning maybe he meant he was lonely but in that moment he heard the tapping noise louder than what he did before.
“Surely, ‘said I, ´surely that is something at my window lattice; Let me see then, what threat is, and this mystery explore –“
What he is trying to say in this sentence is that he does not know what is producing that sound that is coming from his window but he wants to know what is causing it.
“Let my heart be still a moment and this mystery explore; - ´Tis the wind and nothing more!.”
In these following sentences he wishes to know what is making that sound and he comes to the conclusion that what is making the sound is the wind.
“Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many flirt and flutter, In there stepped a stately raven of the saintly days of yore.”
What this two lines mean is that he wanted to know what made the noise and as he opened the window a raven went in his chamber.
“Not the least obeisance made he; not a minute stopped or stayed he; But, with mien of lord or lady, perched above my chamber door –“
I think that he is observing how the bird moves all around the room.
“Perched upon a bust of Pallas just above my chamber door – Perched, and sat, and nothing more.”
In this sentences he tells how the bird just stays in a single place (above his room door) doing nothing more.
“Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling, By the grave and stern decorum of the countenance it wore,”
The black bird was trying to make him smile with the face he was making him.
“´Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, though, ‘I said, ´art sure no cavern. Ghastly grim and ancient raven wandering from the nightly shore –“
These lines talk about no matter how he looks; he is still a raven wandering at night disturbing the speaker.
“Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night´s Plutonian shore! ´ Quote the raven, ´Nevermore. ´”
In these two sentences I can understand that the speaker is asking the Raven to answer him in the name of Pluto and the only answer he gets is the same “Nevermore”. Lines 49-50 “Much I marvelled this ungainly fowl to hear discourse so plainly,
Though its answer little meaning - little relevancy bore;”
The man is surprised that the bird can speak, and wants to know more, even though he did not hear much. Lines 51-52 “For we cannot help agreeing that no living human being
Ever yet was blessed with seeing bird above his chamber door –“
He feels lucky because nobody else can speak to the bird and he can. He probably feels he is cazy about the idea of speaking to an animal. Lines 53-54 “Bird or beast above the sculptured bust above his chamber door,
With such name as `Nevermore.'”
I think that due to the talking of the bird he does not know if it’s a bird o a beast. The birds name “Nevermore” is kind of confusing to him. Lines 55-56 “But the raven, sitting lonely on the placid bust, spoke only,
That one word, as if his soul in that one word he did outpour.”
After that word the bird refuses to speak again which confuses the man even more. The man thinks that the word is all he needs to hear about the bird. Lines 57-58 “Nothing further then he uttered - not a feather then he fluttered -
Till I scarcely more than muttered `Other friends have flown before –“
The man now feels a bit annoyed and the bird says nothing else. When he says “Other friends have flown before” I think he means that in a while the bird will leave as well leaving him alone. Lines 59-60 “On the morrow he will leave me, as my hopes have flown before.'
Then the bird said, `Nevermore.'”
As he keeps speaking preparing himself for what he thinks will happen, the bird speaks telling him the same words he did before. Lines 61-62 “Startled at the stillness broken by reply so aptly spoken,
`Doubtless,' said I, `what it utters is its only stock and store,”
He is now surprised by what the bird replied when he said the bird was going to leave. He then thought that the bid only knew that single word and used it in every situation. Lines 63-64 “Caught from some unhappy master whom unmerciful disaster
Followed fast and followed faster till his songs one burden bore –“
Here I think he is talking about the birds owner, the bird’s owner must be depressed, boring and non-talking. That might explain the wordless the bird is. Lines 65-66 “Till the dirges of his hope that melancholy burden bore
The bird had a really depressed former owner, whose life was such a mess that all he could say was "Nevermore." Lines 67-68 “But the raven still beguiling all my sad soul into smiling,
Straight I wheeled a cushioned seat in front of bird and bust and door;”
The man was still fascinated by the bird, it was his only companion. He decides to stare at it and pay more attention, pulls a chair and seats in front of it. Lines 69-70 “Then, upon the velvet sinking, I betook myself to linking
Fancy unto fancy, thinking what this ominous bird of yore –“
He is paying really close attention to the features of the raven, and is really into it. Lines 71-72 “What this grim, ungainly, ghastly, gaunt, and ominous bird of yore
Meant in croaking `Nevermore.'”
I believe the man is trying to figure out if that one bird and that one word means something to him. Lines 97-98 “`Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend!' I shrieked upstarting -
`Get thee back into the tempest and the Night's Plutonian shore!”
The man can’t spend much time with the bird and orders it to leave. He tells the bird to go back from the evil place he came from. Lines 99-100 “Leave no black plume as a token of that lie thy soul hath spoken!
Leave my loneliness unbroken! - quit the bust above my door!”
The man tells the bird to leave without leaving any trace behind him. Orders it to leave him alone. Lines 101-102 “Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!'
Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.”
When the man says “Take the beak out of my heart” I think the man feels hurt, and tells the bird to stop hurting him, and to leave. The bird again only answers “Nevermore”. The bird shows signs of staying lines 73-75
this i sat engaged in guessing, bt no syllable expressing
to the fowl whose fiery eyes now burned into my bosom's core:
this and more i sat divinning, with my head at ease reclining
In lines 73-75 the author is telling us about this man that is wondering about this gril all day long, italso explaines how his expresses about her face and her eyes as well. Lines 76-78
On the cuishion velet that the lamp-light gloated o'er
But whose velvet lviolet linning with the lamp-light gloating o'er
she shall press, ah nevermore!
Onlines 76-78 he uses a repetition of words and this helps us understand how he describes the waay that the people or this gril is treating him. Lines 79-81
Then, methought, the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen cencer
Swung by Seraphim whose foot-fall tinkled on the tufted floor.
Wretch, I criedthy God hath lent by these angles he has sent thee
In lines 79-80 the author declares that this men is remebering something that makes him feel very happy and likes how he is feeling becasue takes god to the phrase. Lines 82-84
Respite- respite and nepemthe from thy memories of Leonore!
Quaff, oh quaff this kind nepethe, and forget this lost Lenore!
Qoth the raven Nevermore.
In these lines 82-84 the author is saying as well that the man has a raven and that this bird has never made something bad to him and that she should be treated as a human also. Lines 85-87
said I thing of evil prophet still if bird or devil
Weather tempter sent, or weather tempest tossed thee here ashore,
Desolate yet all undaunted, on this desert land enchanted.
In this lines 85-87 all the uthor wants to say is hoe he had go to this problem that is imagine in this beautiful bird the raven. Lines 88-90
On this home by horror haunted tell me truly I implore
Is there- is there blam in Gilead? tell me tell me, I implore
Quoth the raven, Nevermore>
In thislines that are 88-90 the author is putting this man in a terrible situation thatis him fight agains this bird willings and repets severla words as in tone on anger. Lines 91-93
Prophet said i thing of evil prophet still if bird or devil
By that Heaven that bends above us-by that god we both adore-
Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn.
In this phrase 91-93 all the repetiotions as lines 85-87 are being used again becasue of the situation the man is explaining how the raven is becaome into his life and how much he is willing to do everything for her. Lines 94-96
It shall clasp a sainted maiden hom the angles named Lenore-
Clasp a rare and radiant maiden, whom the angles named Leonore?
Quot the raven Nevermore.
In the Las # lines 94-96 the athor is putting the man as a human being that makes prophets feel honored and reapets a phrase that is "Quoth the raven, Nevermore" that is telling us to take care of the raven a protect the bird. Lines 103-104 Lines 105-106 Lines 107-108 "And the Raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sitting
On the pallid bust of Pallas just above my chamber door;"
The way the poem changes from past tense to present tense. Why is this? Will the raven be forever there? “And his eyes have all the seeming of a demon's that is dreaming,
And the lamp-light o'er him streaming throws his shadow on the floor;"
The speaker is compraing the raven's eyes to the devil's eyes. Maybe, the raven turned into the demon And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor
Shall be lifted – nevermore!
The speaker is saying that the raven has overpowered him. He is now part of him.