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Barbara Stephenson

on 7 November 2018

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Transcript of COLOR

The Element ~ COLOR
Temperature & Heat
HUE also has temperature. Color generates heat both physically and psychologically.
Temperature & Space
1. HUE
Hue or name of a color is the purest form of color such as red, yellow, blue. The most common organization of the relationship of hues is the color wheel. Primary, Secondary & Tertiary make up the groupings.

The current form of color theory was developed by a Swiss color and art theorist, Johannes Itten . He developed the 12 step color wheel.

Albert Munsell brought clarity in understanding color through an orderly system providing us a 10 step organizational structure. Munsell color tree provides a 3/D view including value and intensity.
Munsell 10-step color wheel
Munsell's color tree
Defining Color
color is made up of three parts
Johannes Itten's 12 step color wheel
Color Temperature can also create the illusion of space. Under most circumstances
warm colors advance and cool colors recede.
Kenneth Noland, A Warm Sound in a Grey Field
Saturation & Chroma
refers to the RELATIVE lightness or darkness of a color. Although some hues such as violet, blue and green are INHERENTLY darker in value than orange and yellow.
There are three variations in values for all hues.
All refer to the purity of a color. Intensity looks at the strength of a color. The brightest intensity would be the purest. The primary colors tend to be the most intense. Once colors are mixed they loose their intensity.
Adding Grey
Adding Compliments
The Element ~ COLOR

Harmony & Disharmony
The Element ~ COLOR

In your sketchbook paint a color wheel according to the Johannes Itten Color wheel. Label the primary, secondary & tertiary colors, as well as the warm and cool colors
In your sketchbook paint
by adding white gradually ending with the pure hue. In another collumn paint
by adding black gradually working toward the pure color.
We will use tones in the intensity collumn

1. HUE
Color Relationships
You will design a 12"X12" square.

See the full assignment in Blackboard

The final design will be painted using a color relationship chosen by drawing from a bag!
Bristol paper
Gesso (I will supply)
tracing or newspaper

A full assignment description & rubric
will be posted to BB.
You will need for this portion of the sketchbook & project work...
Visual interest can be added and focus can be directed to a particular section or area by choosing different shades with different values and saturation.
Take a look at the six swatches below – where does your eye wander to? It should end up back on swatch #2, because that is the most vibrant blue of the bunch. That’s a perfect example of how to create visual interest and focus in a monochromatic color scheme.

This goes back to learning the colors of the rainbow as children – we know that green comes before blue, and blue comes before purple. So, if we use blue-green, blue, and blue-purple together, it makes sense to us.
There is a natural flow
because blue is used to create the other two colors.
This gives you the same high degree as monochromatic with a wider range of hues.
there’s a natural tension to this color relationship, which is intriguing to our brains. So, when we see natural tension between complementary pairings, it forces our brain to stop and look.

Complementary pairs that sit directly opposite each other on the color wheel. Red and green, orange and blue, yellow and purple are all complementary colors.

Why it works
: Complementary colors are powerful because they naturally play off each other, thanks to their color wheel positioning; red never looks more red than when it’s against green, and vice versa.

Additionally, complementary colors will have one warm color (red, orange, yellow, and their variations) and one cool color (green, blue, purple, and their variations).

Triad uses three colors, and these are chosen by picking every fourth color on the color wheel.

The name comes from the shape that occurs between the colors, if you’re curious, and the split-complementary relationship could also act as a variation of a triad relationship. Triad examples include red/yellow/blue as well as red-purple/yellow-orange/blue-green.

Why it works:
 Triads work because there’s equal distance between the colors on the color wheel.

Even if a viewer is not familiar with the color wheel or color theory, their brains see the relationship as a balanced one, and “balance” equals “harmony” to our brains and eyes.

Color Harmony
Color Harmony adds unity to a design and is seen through these four color relationships.
Other relationships commonly used are
Split Complimentary and Chromatic Grays and Earth Colors.

Color Disharmony
Color disharmony can be effective but it can also be disorienting. The success of the design depends on the idea behind the image and the desired effect.
Do the colors in this slide feel balanced and comfortable or jarring?

The Element ~ COLOR
Composing & Creating Emotion with COLOR

Composing with Color
Composition may be defined the combination of multiple parts into a harmonious whole. The effects of color is profound. Color can shift visual balance,create a focal point, influence our emotions and expand communication.
We will look at four major compositional uses of color
Color can create a "push Pull" effect.
Warm color , highly intense colors tend to advance.
Cool, low-intensity colors tend to recede
2. Weight & Balance
Dark's and cool colors weight downward and heavy.
Lights and warm colors can lift up and lighten
3. Distribution & Proportion
Distribution & proportion can balance even disharmonious colors. Placement and size are the key!
4. Color & Emphasis
Color can be used to emphasis critical information.
Carefully placed color can also create a focal point.
A dominant color
can heighten psychological as well as compositional
Colors are often assigned symbolic meaning. Different cultures vary on their use of what colors symbolize.

THE POWER OF COLOR: Color can increase the power of a given shape, shift compositional weight and create a focal point. It can enhance the illusion of space, suggest volume and heighten emotion. Well used color is one of the most expressive elements of art and design.

1. Pick a grey on the value scale.
Create a scale that goes from a
pure hue gradually toward grey
You can lower the intensity of a color two ways. One is by addign grey the second is by combining with the colors compliment
2. chose one color anadd it's compliment
start each of the two pure hues at opposite ends and gradually combine them toward the center so you have a 50/50 mix in teh middle
Full transcript