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Everyday Life in Deir el Medina
Transcript of Everyday Life in Deir el Medina
Clothing and Jewellery
* Generally white linen, finely made and intricately pleated
* Woollen cloaks worn for warmth
* Sandals were made from woven rushes but only best sandals were made of leather
* Often workers drawn in barefoot, wore simple kilt or sometimes nothing
The ideas of what the people of Dier el Medina wore was found through the analysis of the tombs.
* Nobility: wore gold, silver and precious stones
* Villagers: wore brightly coloured faience jewellery, shell, ivory, semi- precious stone
* Men and women: wore necklaces, broad collars, earrings, bracelets and sometimes garlands of flowers on their heads
Festivals and Entertainment
Statue from the intact Tomb of Kha and Merit
Main products included:
* Grain- Used as a form of payment
* Barley- To make bread and wine
* Water- Delivered by water carriers
* Vegetables- Basic as little was available
* Meat- not eaten daily, considered a treat
* Monthly rations of emmer wheat- recorded in measure units; 1 Khor = 16.89 litres
* Food also paid as a transferable pension- to "old workmen"and their widows
* Ostraca and papyri were used for. delivery notes and receipts and are the main source for archaeologists today
Leisure Activities and forms of Entertainment
* Egyptian nobles and workmen- Enjoyed hunting and fishing.
* Most popular game to play was Senet (a precursor of checkers)
* Sporting events were enjoyed by everyone, although mainly high officials attended these events.
* Boxing, wrestling and fencing were favourite events.
* Dancing and singing- undertaken by women
* After the Greco-Roman conquest, theater became a popular. Parts of plays were found on scraps of papyri.
* Musical performances- important part of religion
* Instruments used include: drums, flutes, harps, tambourines, and trumpets.
* Opet- Most important festival in Egypt
- Held annually in Thebes
- Centered on the God Amun and his wife and consort Mut
* The Beautiful Feast of The Valley
-The Feast took place in the second month of shemu - the season of harvest before the summer flood.
- Special Ceremony to honour Amun
- This Festival was a time of great rejoicing for the people of Kemet
- Involved celebration and feasting
“The Tombs of Deir el Medina”, Osiris.net
Peacock, Lenka & Andy, “Images of Deir el Medina: Past and Present”, st- maat http://www.st-maat.org/
“Housing in a workers village: Deir el Medina.” Ancient Egypt. 5/08/2013.
“Historical Investigation: Deir el Medina.” Historical Investigation: Deir el Medina. 4/08/2013.
“Deir el Medina.” Wikipedia. 4/08/2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deir_el-Medina
“Deir el Medina.” The domain of the Het-Hert. 4/08/2013. http://www.hethert.org/DeirelMedina.htm
“Sports and Entertainment”. Eternal Egypt 3/08/2013 thttp://www.eternalegypt.org/EternalEgyptWebsiteWeb/HomeServlet?ee_website_action_key=action.display.topic.details&language_id=1&trait_item_id=10000225
“Chapter 9- The Beautiful Feast”
“Beautiful Feast of The Valley” 4/08/13