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Everyday Life in Deir el Medina

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by

Katelyn Johnson

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Everyday Life in Deir el Medina

Everyday Life in Deir el Medina
Food

Barley
Beer Making
Clothing and Jewellery
Clothing

* Generally white linen, finely made and intricately pleated

* Woollen cloaks worn for warmth

* Sandals were made from woven rushes but only best sandals were made of leather

* Often workers drawn in barefoot, wore simple kilt or sometimes nothing
The ideas of what the people of Dier el Medina wore was found through the analysis of the tombs.
* Kha
* Merit

Jewellery

* Nobility: wore gold, silver and precious stones

* Villagers: wore brightly coloured faience jewellery, shell, ivory, semi- precious stone

* Men and women: wore necklaces, broad collars, earrings, bracelets and sometimes garlands of flowers on their heads

Festivals and Entertainment
Statue from the intact Tomb of Kha and Merit
Main products included:

* Grain- Used as a form of payment

* Barley- To make bread and wine

* Water- Delivered by water carriers

* Vegetables- Basic as little was available

* Meat- not eaten daily, considered a treat
* Monthly rations of emmer wheat- recorded in measure units; 1 Khor = 16.89 litres

* Food also paid as a transferable pension- to "old workmen"and their widows

* Ostraca and papyri were used for. delivery notes and receipts and are the main source for archaeologists today
Papyri
Leisure Activities and forms of Entertainment

* Egyptian nobles and workmen- Enjoyed hunting and fishing.

* Most popular game to play was Senet (a precursor of checkers)

* Sporting events were enjoyed by everyone, although mainly high officials attended these events.

* Boxing, wrestling and fencing were favourite events.

* Dancing and singing- undertaken by women

* After the Greco-Roman conquest, theater became a popular. Parts of plays were found on scraps of papyri.

* Musical performances- important part of religion

* Instruments used include: drums, flutes, harps, tambourines, and trumpets.
Festivals
* Opet- Most important festival in Egypt
- Held annually in Thebes
- Centered on the God Amun and his wife and consort Mut

* The Beautiful Feast of The Valley
-The Feast took place in the second month of shemu - the season of harvest before the summer flood.
- Special Ceremony to honour Amun
- This Festival was a time of great rejoicing for the people of Kemet
- Involved celebration and feasting
Opet Festival

Bibliography

“The Tombs of Deir el Medina”, Osiris.net
http://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/artisans/tombes_deir_el_medineh/e_tombes_deir_el_medineh_01.htm

Peacock, Lenka & Andy, “Images of Deir el Medina: Past and Present”, st- maat http://www.st-maat.org/

“Housing in a workers village: Deir el Medina.” Ancient Egypt. 5/08/2013.
http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/building/deir_el_medine.htm

“Historical Investigation: Deir el Medina.” Historical Investigation: Deir el Medina. 4/08/2013.
http://historicaldeirel-medina.weebly.com/everyday-life.html

“Deir el Medina.” Wikipedia. 4/08/2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deir_el-Medina

“Deir el Medina.” The domain of the Het-Hert. 4/08/2013. http://www.hethert.org/DeirelMedina.htm

“Sports and Entertainment”. Eternal Egypt 3/08/2013 thttp://www.eternalegypt.org/EternalEgyptWebsiteWeb/HomeServlet?ee_website_action_key=action.display.topic.details&language_id=1&trait_item_id=10000225

“Chapter 9- The Beautiful Feast”
http://www.timetrips.co.uk/chapter_9.htm

“Beautiful Feast of The Valley” 4/08/13
http://kemetic-independent.awardspace.us/valley.htm
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