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Domestic Policy - Head Start
Transcript of Domestic Policy - Head Start
Head Start provides education, health and social services Creator- Jule Sugarman Head Start was originally conceived as a catch-up summer school program It would teach low-income children in a few weeks what they needed to know to start kindergarten However, experience showed that six weeks of preschool couldn't make up for five years of poverty SOOO
The Head Start Act of 1981 expanded the program Head Start is one of the longest-running programs to address poverty in the United States. Services were provided by about a thousand different programs operating in more than 48,000 classrooms. An average child cost about $7,222. The staff consists of nearly 212,000 paid personnel. Six times that number equals the number of volunteers. The following year it was authorized by Congress as a year–round program. Congress enacted the Head Start Act in 1981. Includes the typical homeless child.
OR children living in a shelter or in motels or cars, but also children who are sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing etc.. Programs must identify such children and provide services within a reasonable period. Head Start programs have to provide services to the younger and older siblings of such children. Families must earn less than 130% of the federal poverty level in order to get help from the head start programs. It also assists people in crisis or families in emergancy situations.
Example, a family member dies, leaving a child without
a gardian. This means in every state, and nearly every county. The program showed immediate improvement in the IQ scores of participating children A study shows that participants of the head Start program are significantly more likely to complete high school, attend college, and possibly have higher earnings in their early twenties than their nonparticipants. Head Start significantly reduces the probability that a child will have to repeat a grade. Criticisms to the program resulted in plans to improve program services, by for example serving children above and below preschool age The head start program is obviously working and is a great program for those less fortunate.