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Chapter 8 - The Beginning of the Filipino Nationalism
Transcript of Chapter 8 - The Beginning of the Filipino Nationalism
Rizal who was eleven years old at that time , would later dedicate his second novel El Filibusterismo (The rebel), to the memory of the three martyred priests. He wrote: It is said that Zamora lost his mind and silently accepted to be garroted. He, together with Burgos, and Gomez maintained their innocence until the end. While they were being executed one by one-first, Zamora, then Gomez, and lastly, Burgos- the witnesses of the event took off their hats and knelt to pray for their souls of the innocent priest.` Among those arrested were fathers Jose burgos, Mariano Gomez, Jacinto Zamora, Pedro Dandan, Toribio del Pilar, Mariano Sevilla, Agustin Mendoza, Jose Guevara, and others .
Among the civilians arrested were pedro carillo, Antonio Regidor, Joaquin Pardo de Tavera, and others. They were sentenced to be banished to Guam, while Gomez, burgos, and Zamora were sentenced to death. The governor of Cavite province informed the governor-general in Manila about the rebellion by telegraph. Alarmed, the governor-general sent an expedition to Cavite to put down the rebellion. The leaders and the participants were arrested and later shot to death.
The government, believing it to be a rebellion, ordered the arrest of the Filipinos and mestizos who were allegedly behind it. This led to the campaign called secularization.
The movement would later be called
“Filipinization” because of its racial overtone. He reversed the reforms of de la Torre. He Disapproved the establishment of a school of arts and traders and Manila because he was afraid that it might be used as a political club. Censorship of the press and restriction on freedom of speech were restored. Another effect of the shorter distance between
Spain and Philippines was the influx of progressive
books and periodicals to the country. Books on
American independence and the French revolution
Circulated in the country.
1854, introduction of the mail.
The telephone, and the Manila-dagupan railway in 1980. At this early date, two events foreshadowed the
Developing consciousness of the masses as a
different race and class in society.
Tagalog publication of florante at laura in 1838
Another event was the revolt by Apolinario de la Cruz or “Hermano Pule” in Tayabas (now quezon province). In 1778, Jose Basco y Vargas
Governor-general of the Philippines
Encouraged the development of mines that produced gold, tin and copper.
Offer a prices
Economic Society of Friends of the Country
In 1807-10,000 rebels. The revolts started in Binalatongan, spread to the towns of bayambang, paniqui( then part of pangasinan), Daguapn, Calasiao, Santa Barbara, Mangaldan, San Jacinto, and Malasiki.
Ignore the FRIAR –CURATES
Palaris donated the province
Conclusion of war with France and Spain british left in 1764 The secularization movement led by Indio and Mestizo secular priest to fight for the right to administer parishes that were held by spanish regular priest. The church by using to degrade you, has placed in doubt that crime has been imputed to you; the government, by surrounding your trials with mystery and shadows, causes the belief that there was some error committed in fatal moments; and the Philippines by worshiping your memory in now war recognizes your culpability. The priest , Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora were jailed in Fort Santiago before they were tried for rebellion .
On February 17, 1872.
Marched from Fort Santiago to Bagumbayan Field ( now Luneta) The Execution of GomBurZa January 20, 1872 the Cavity Munity occurred.
La Madrid a military sergeant
This mutiny was caused by the revocation of the Privilege of the shipyard workers to be exempted from forced labor and from paying tribute by Governor-General de Izquierdo. the relations between the Filipino seculars And the Spanish regulars grew from bad to worse.The Spanish regulars who continued to occupy the parishes blamed the Filipino priest by saying that the latter were not prepared to administer parishes. This caused greater enmity between them. On the other hand, the Filipino seculars continued their campaign relentlessly. The Cavity Mutiny Regular priest - were those who belong to the religious orders.
Secular priest - were not members of religious orders.
In the Philippines, the friars or members of
the religious orders not only made converts to
Christianity but they also occupied parishes. As
Such, they were called friar-curates. THE CAMPAIGN FOR SECULARIZATION The educated indies, matzos, and Spaniards
born in the Philippines who sympathized with
liberalism and governor de la Torre, serenaded
him to show their appreciation of the governor’s
kind attention and democratic ways.
In 1868, a revolution took place in Spain.
Republic of Spain was born
Lasted from 1868 to 1870 LIBERALISM IN THE PHILIPPINES Belonging to the middle class also meant changing their former lifestyle, clothing, houses, forms of amusement and cultural activities.
By contrast, Indios in the lower class lived in poverty and ignorance, and suffered more discrimination Laissez-faire
1834 - entry of foreign firms into the government
1842, manila could boast of two American, one French, one Danish and eight British commercial .
1859- number of foreign firms increased.
1855- ports of iloilo were opened in foreign trade
1860- cebu also open.
1873- tacloban and legazpi also open. LAISSEZ-FAIRE AND THE OPENING OF PORTS In 1761 Spain and France entered into a treaty of alliance against England’s ambition for supremacy . BRITISH INVASION AND OCCUPATION Filipino revolts were fragmented and local with the carious and oftentimes unrelated purposes among which are.
To retake one’s lost kingdom or chiefdom.
To resist forced labor that separated the men for long periods from their families.
To get rid of the oppressive tribute; and
To return to their attacks against the Spanish colonial government did not acquire a racial tone of an awareness of a united people against colonial rule. In the year 1700s Unfortunately for the Filipinos and their allies
among the mestizos and the progressive Spaniards,
the administration of governor de la Torre was brief.
1870, Republic of Spain was ended
Rafael de Izquierdo governor-general in 1871
Rule the Philippines “with a cross in one hand and a sword in the other”. THE RETURN OF AUTOCRACY
Creoles from Mexico
Later on, they influenced some educated Filipinos and soon both were asking the government to introduce changes in the administration of the colony. The Opening of Suez Canal Inquilinos or the tenants
Illustrados a highly educated filipinos
19th century, actually applied only to Spaniards born in the Philippines or the;
Insulares a spaniards born in the philippines
Españoles or Peninsulares who is residing and working in the philippines.
Mestizos or indios The rise of the “Filipino” Middle class The incompetence of Spanish officials;
Graft and greed of the merchants and religious corporations engaged in the galleon trade;
Restrictive economic policies which closed some parts of the country to other foreign countries; and
The constant quarrels between civil and ecclesiastical authorities assigned in the colony BASCO’S ECONOMIC PLANS THE SILANG REVOLT British invasion in the colony that exposed spain’s vulnerability
The silang and palaris revolts that demonstrated the capability of the regions to unite and expel the Spaniards from their territory.
The united Basi revolt in the north against Governor-General Baco’s tobacco and wine monopolies
The opening of foreign ports and the Suez canal that allowed entry of advanced technology and liberal ideas from the Americas and Europe How the character differ in succeeding revolts in the 1800s to 1900s ? Thanks for watching, i hope you learn something about this topic of mine.
love lots guys.. (^_^) José Basco y Vargas (mid 1700s – 1900s) THE BEGINNING OF THE FILIPINO NATIONALISM Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio y Vieyra (September 24, 1708 – January 30, 1764) was a Mexican (originally Spanish Criollo) friar who served as the Archbishop of Manila and Governor-General of the Philippines at the commencement of the 1762–1764 British occupation of Manila. Simón de Anda y Salazar (October 28, 1701 – October 30, 1776) was a Spanish Basque governor of the Philippines from July, 1770 to October 30, 1776. GABRIELA SILANG STORY JUAN DE LA CRUZ Basi Revolt Nicholas Loney (1826 in Plymouth, United Kingdom – 23 April 1869 Mount Kanlaon in Negros Island, Philippines was a British businessman and Vice Consul in the Philippines.
Nicholas Loney was the son of Admiral Loney of the Royal Navy, and moved to Iloilo in 1851. He became Vice Consul in 1856 in order to provide assistance and information to the British and other foreign merchants. 1869 - the opening of the Suez Canal Queen Isabel II Isabella II (Spanish: Isabel II; 10 October 1830 – 10 April 1904) was queen regnant of Spain from 1833 until 1868. She came to the throne as an infant, but her succession was disputed by the Carlists, who refused to recognise a female sovereign, leading to the Carlist Wars. After a troubled reign, she was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1868, and formally abdicated in 1870. Her son Alfonso XII became king in 1874 Arrived in manila in the year 1869 De la Torre’s Administration of the Philippines
was significant because of the following reasons;
He abolished the censorship of the press.
He abolished flogging as a punishment; and
He solved the agrarian unrest in Cavite. Governor-General Carlos Maria de la Torre Initially, the leader of the Filipino campaign to
Secularize the parishes was Father Pedro Pablo
Palaez (1812-1863), a Spanish mestizo. After his
Death he was succeeded by Father Jose A.
Burgos (1837-1872), another Spanish mestizo. Execution of GomBurZa THE EDUCATION OF SOME FILIPINOS Spaniard in the Philippines founded many
As a good results number of those children
Became lawyers, physicians, pharmacists,
teachers, land surveyors, and merchants.
“Filipinos with equal rights The End...... DIEGO SILANG GABRIELA SILANG